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Altare della Patria, altar of the fatherland, rome monuments, tomb of the unknown soldier, italian national monuments, vittoriano, central museum of the Risorgimento, Giuseppe Sacconi, Angelo Zanelli

Lazio Details
Holiday Information
Lazio, at your own pace.
Explore Lazio on foot, savouring life’s simple pleasures.

www.inntravel.co.uk
Lazio Information
Location of Lazio
Area: 17,208 km²
Population: 5.6m
Density: 327/km²
Capital: Rome

Find a hotel in Lazio
Provinces
Comunes
  • Frosinone
    • Acquafondata
      Acuto
      Alatri
      Alvito
      Amaseno
      Anagni
      Aquino
      Arce
      Arnara
      Arpino
      Atina
      Ausonia
      Belmonte Castello
      Boville Ernica
      Broccostella
      Campoli Appennino
      Casalattico
      Casalvieri
      Cassino
      Castelliri
      Castelnuovo Parano
      Castro dei Volsci
      Castrocielo
      Ceccano
      Ceprano
      Cervaro
      Colfelice
      Colle San Magno
      Collepardo
      Coreno Ausonio
      Esperia
      Falvaterra
      Ferentino
      Filettino
      Fiuggi
      Fontana Liri
      Fontechiari
      Frosinone
      Fumone
      Gallinaro
      Giuliano di Roma
      Guarcino
      Isola del Liri
      Monte San Giovanni Campano
      Morolo
      Paliano
      Pastena
      Patrica
      Pescosolido
      Picinisco
      Pico
      Piedimonte San Germano
      Piglio
      Pignataro Interamna
      Pofi
      Pontecorvo
      Posta Fibreno
      Ripi
      Rocca d'Arce
      Roccasecca
      San Biagio Saracinisco
      San Donato Val di Comino
      San Giorgio a Liri
      San Giovanni Incarico
      San Vittore del Lazio
      Sant'Ambrogio sul Garigliano
      Sant'Andrea del Garigliano
      Sant'Apollinare
      Sant'Elia Fiumerapido
      Santopadre
      Serrone
      Settefrati
      Sgurgola
      Sora
      Strangolagalli
      Supino
      Terelle
      Torre Cajetani
      Torrice
      Trevi nel Lazio
      Trivigliano
      Vallecorsa
      Vallemaio
      Vallerotonda
      Veroli
      Vicalvi
      Vico nel Lazio
      Villa Latina
      Villa Santa Lucia
      Villa Santo Stefano
      Viticuso

  • Latina
    • Aprilia
      Bassiano
      Campodimele
      Castelforte
      Cisterna di Latina
      Cori
      Fondi
      Formia
      Gaeta
      Itri
      Latina
      Lenola
      Maenza
      Minturno
      Monte San Biagio
      Norma
      Pontinia
      Ponza
      Priverno
      Prossedi
      Rocca Massima
      Roccagorga
      Roccasecca dei Volsci
      Sabaudia
      San Felice Circeo
      Santi Cosma e Damiano
      Sermoneta
      Sezze
      Sonnino
      Sperlonga
      Spigno Saturnia
      Terracina
      Ventotene

  • Rieti
    • Accumoli
      Amatrice
      Antrodoco
      Ascrea
      Belmonte in Sabina
      Borbona
      Borgo Velino
      Borgorose
      Cantalice
      Cantalupo in Sabina
      Casaprota
      Casperia
      Castel di Tora
      Castel Sant'Angelo
      Castelnuovo di Farfa
      Cittaducale
      Cittareale
      Collalto Sabino
      Colle di Tora
      Collegiove
      Collevecchio
      Colli sul Velino
      Concerviano
      Configni
      Contigliano
      Cottanello
      Fara in Sabina
      Fiamignano
      Forano
      Frasso Sabino
      Greccio
      Labro
      Leonessa
      Longone Sabino
      Magliano Sabina
      Marcetelli
      Micigliano
      Mompeo
      Montasola
      Monte San Giovanni in Sabina
      Montebuono
      Monteleone Sabino
      Montenero Sabino
      Montopoli di Sabina
      Morro Reatino
      Nespolo
      Orvinio
      Paganico Sabino
      Pescorocchiano
      Petrella Salto
      Poggio Bustone
      Poggio Catino
      Poggio Mirteto
      Poggio Moiano
      Poggio Nativo
      Poggio San Lorenzo
      Posta
      Pozzaglia Sabina
      Rieti
      Rivodutri
      Rocca Sinibalda
      Roccantica
      Salisano
      Scandriglia
      Selci
      Stimigliano
      Tarano
      Toffia
      Torri in Sabina
      Torricella in Sabina
      Turania
      Vacone
      Varco Sabino

  • Roma
    • Affile
      Agosta
      Albano Laziale
      Allumiere
      Anguillara Sabazia
      Anticoli Corrado
      Anzio
      Arcinazzo Romano
      Ardea
      Ariccia
      Arsoli
      Artena
      Bellegra
      Bracciano
      Camerata Nuova
      Campagnano di Roma
      Canale Monterano
      Canterano
      Capena
      Capranica Prenestina
      Carpineto Romano
      Casape
      Castel Gandolfo
      Castel Madama
      Castel San Pietro Romano
      Castelnuovo di Porto
      Cave
      Cerreto Laziale
      Cervara di Roma
      Cerveteri
      Ciampino
      Ciciliano
      Cineto Romano
      Civitavecchia
      Civitella San Paolo
      Colleferro
      Colonna
      Fiano Romano
      Filacciano
      Fiumicino
      Fonte Nuova
      Formello
      Frascati
      Gallicano nel Lazio
      Gavignano
      Genazzano
      Genzano di Roma
      Gerano
      Gorga
      Grottaferrata
      Guidonia Montecelio
      Jenne
      Labico
      Ladispoli
      Lanuvio
      Lariano
      Licenza
      Magliano Romano
      Mandela
      Manziana
      Marano Equo
      Marcellina
      Marino
      Mazzano Romano
      Mentana
      Monte Compatri
      Monte Porzio Catone
      Monteflavio
      Montelanico
      Montelibretti
      Monterotondo
      Montorio Romano
      Moricone
      Morlupo
      Nazzano
      Nemi
      Nerola
      Nettuno
      Olevano Romano
      Palestrina
      Palombara Sabina
      Percile
      Pisoniano
      Poli
      Pomezia
      Ponzano Romano
      Riano
      Rignano Flaminio
      Riofreddo
      Rocca Canterano
      Rocca di Cave
      Rocca di Papa
      Rocca Priora
      Rocca Santo Stefano
      Roccagiovine
      Roiate
      Roma
      Roviano
      Sacrofano
      Sambuci
      San Cesareo
      San Gregorio da Sassola
      San Polo dei Cavalieri
      San Vito Romano
      Santa Marinella
      Sant'Angelo Romano
      Sant'Oreste
      Saracinesco
      Segni
      Subiaco
      Tivoli
      Tolfa
      Torrita Tiberina
      Trevignano Romano
      Vallepietra
      Vallinfreda
      Valmontone
      Velletri
      Vicovaro
      Vivaro Romano
      Zagarolo

  • Viterbo
    • Acquapendente
      Arlena di Castro
      Bagnoregio
      Barbarano Romano
      Bassano in Teverina
      Bassano Romano
      Blera
      Bolsena
      Bomarzo
      Calcata
      Canepina
      Canino
      Capodimonte
      Capranica
      Caprarola
      Carbognano
      Castel Sant'Elia
      Castiglione in Teverina
      Celleno
      Cellere
      Civita Castellana
      Civitella d'Agliano
      Corchiano
      Fabrica di Roma
      Faleria
      Farnese
      Gallese
      Gradoli
      Graffignano
      Grotte di Castro
      Ischia di Castro
      Latera
      Lubriano
      Marta
      Montalto di Castro
      Monte Romano
      Montefiascone
      Monterosi
      Nepi
      Onano
      Oriolo Romano
      Orte
      Piansano
      Proceno
      Ronciglione
      San Lorenzo Nuovo
      Soriano nel Cimino
      Sutri
      Tarquinia
      Tessennano
      Tuscania
      Valentano
      Vallerano
      Vasanello
      Vejano
      Vetralla
      Vignanello
      Villa San Giovanni in Tuscia
      Viterbo
      Vitorchiano

Lazio Flag
A 'stemma' (pl.stemme) is the Italian word for 'coat of arms'. In Italy, every region, every province within that region and every comune within that province has its own coat of arms.

Order a hand painted tile displaying any 'Stemma' of your choice. See more here
Lazio Airports
Lazio National Parks
Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park
Circeo National Park
The Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga National Park
Altare della Patria
Altare della Patria - Photo: Paolo Costa Baldi
The 'Altar of the Fatherland' (Altare della Patria) is the largest national monument in Italy and it was inaugurated by King Vittorio Emanuele III during the 50th anniversary of the unification of Italy at the Universal Exhibition on June 4th 1911. The monument was originally designed to commemorate King Vittorio Emanuele II of Savoy. He was the first king of Italy and was known as the 'Gentleman King' and the 'Father of the Nation'. The monument is dedicated to him and with him the whole Risorgimento (the movement which led to the unification of Italy). For this reason it is often known as the 'Vittoriano'.

Altare della Patria, altar of the fatherland, rome monuments, tomb of the unknown soldier, italian national monuments, vittoriano, central museum of the Risorgimento, Giuseppe Sacconi, Angelo Zanelli
Photo: Rsuessbr

It is the central section of the monument that is known as the 'Altar of the Fatherland' (Altare della Patria), a name that quickly came to represent the entire monument. This section was designed by the sculptor Angelo Zanelli from Brescia and it was inspired by the Eclogues and Georgics of Virgil.

The 'Tomb of the Unknown Soldier' was added on November 4th, 1921.

In 1880 an international competition for the design of the monument was put forward and won by a frenchman named Nénot, but the project was never carried out. Two years later, in 1882, a new invitation was announced but was only extended to Italian architects and it also came with precise instructions on how the project was to be developed:

  • The monument was to rise in the northern part of the Campidoglio (one of the seven hills of Rome)
  • It had to be aligned with Via del Corso
  • There had to be a bronze equestrian statue of the king
  • It had to be large enough to cover the buildings behind and the side of the Church of Saint Mary of Aracoeli

The overall shape was free, to be built at the discretion of the architect. Ninety eight projects were submitted and the royal commission voted unanimously in favour of the young architect Giuseppe Sacconi from Marche.

Altare della Patria, altar of the fatherland, rome monuments, tomb of the unknown soldier, italian national monuments, vittoriano, central museum of the Risorgimento, Giuseppe Sacconi, Angelo Zanelli

The material with which it was initially intended to be built was Travertine (a limestone rock widely used in Rome since the first millennium BC), but eventually the choice fell on Botticino marble, a famous stone from Brescia which was much more moldable. According to the draft submitted by Sacconi, the monument was to look like a large forum, designed to be open to the public, in some sort of elevated square in the heart of the capital, as a symbol of a united Italy. Even today, the 'Altar of the Fatherland' (Altare della Patria) is the largest monument to have ever been built in Botticino marble.

Before it could be built numerous demolitions took place in the vast medieval district around Capitol, including the Torre di Paolo II, the bridge connecting the Palazzo Venezia (Arco di S. Marco), the three cloisters of the convent of Ara Coeli and many buildings on the coastal slope of the hill. The excavation work also uncovered the 'Insula of the Ara Coeli', dating from the second century AD and still visible on the left side of the monument. The term 'Insula' was used for the first time in an architectural sense by Cicerone to describe a high building whose purpose was to help house the increasing population that was affecting many cities, especially Rome, between the end of the Republic and the first two centuries of the Empire.

It was later decided to dismantle the seventeenth-century Church of St. Rita which stood at the foot of the steps of Ara Coeli. It was moved and re-built near the Theatre of Marcellus, where it is remains today.

As was often the case for other monuments, several artists and architects were involved in the work. After the death of Giuseppe Sacconi in 1905 it was taken over first by Gaetano Koch, then Manfredo Manfredi and finally Pio Piacentini. The work on the monument was finally completed in 1935, long after its inauguration in 1911.

The 'Vittoriano' was built in a neoclassical style with techniques which were very advanced for its time. These techniques celebrate the grandeur of Rome, the elected legitimate capital of Italy, the unity of the country and the freedom of its people.

Altare della Patria, altar of the fatherland, rome monuments, tomb of the unknown soldier, italian national monuments, vittoriano, central museum of the Risorgimento, Giuseppe Sacconi, Angelo Zanelli
Photo: MeneghinofromBovisa

The key elements of the monument are the neoclassical porticos with their Corinthian columns and carved acanthus leaves. The two porticos are identical and protude forward at each end of the colannade.

Each of the two porticos are is overlooked by a chariot (ancient chariots were drawn by four horses placed side by side) on which are placed the winged Victories.The two chariots are made of bronze, the same as the statue of King Vittorio Emanuele II which is located almost in the centre of the monumental complex. The details of this monument led some journalists and art critics to regard it as an unsuccessful attempt to revive the Roman Empire.

The imposing staircase that characterises the monumental complex was reopened in 2000 after prolonged periods of restoration that affected the entire construction.

Inside, there is the Central Museum of the Risorgimento that in recent years has hosted temporary art exhibitions and exhibitions on the history of the 'Vittoriano'.

The monument has several plant symbols, each of which carries a specific meaning: the palm for victory, the oak for strength, the laurel for peace, myrtle for sacrifice and the olive for concord.

Since June 2007 it has been possible to reach the terrace of the chariot by means of an elevator. From there you can enjoy a fabulous view over the 'Eternal City'. The terrace is also accessible via the 196 steps which start from the colonnade.

Altare della Patria, altar of the fatherland, rome monuments, tomb of the unknown soldier, italian national monuments, vittoriano, central museum of the Risorgimento, Giuseppe Sacconi, Angelo Zanelli

The 'Altar of the Fatherland' (Altare della Patria), which is the most famous part of the monument, is located just past the entrance stairway, in front of which stand the Stake of Honour and the great statue of the goddess Roma with its golden background.

The monument is located in the city centre, close to the Roman Forum and the Colosseum and can be considered the most famous and representative monument of Roman history.

The 'Victoriano' can easily be reached by metro (Colosseum stop), by walking down Via dei Fori Imperiali, or by bus from Termini station on line 40. This bus runs along Via Nazionale, passing through Piazza Venezia, Largo Argentina and end up at Via della Traspontina, near the Vatican. Other buses will also take you to the monument such as 44, 84, 780, 810. The monument is located in a prime location and well connected with all the key central areas.

In addition to the beauty, charm and history of this place, the area around Via del Corso is full of bars, pubs restaurants and shops providing plenty of entertainment for tourists.

Last, but not least, is the Wax Museum located in Piazza Venezia, where you can find famous characters from the past and present, including: Roma captain Francesco Totti, the Florentine genius of the Renaissance, Leonardo Da Vinci, the current President the United States, Barack Obama and famous actors like Brad Pitt and many others.

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Lazio Information
Location of Lazio
Area: 17,208 km²
Population: 5.6m
Density: 327/km²
Capital: Rome

Find a hotel in Lazio
Provinces
Comunes
  • Frosinone
    • Acquafondata
      Acuto
      Alatri
      Alvito
      Amaseno
      Anagni
      Aquino
      Arce
      Arnara
      Arpino
      Atina
      Ausonia
      Belmonte Castello
      Boville Ernica
      Broccostella
      Campoli Appennino
      Casalattico
      Casalvieri
      Cassino
      Castelliri
      Castelnuovo Parano
      Castro dei Volsci
      Castrocielo
      Ceccano
      Ceprano
      Cervaro
      Colfelice
      Colle San Magno
      Collepardo
      Coreno Ausonio
      Esperia
      Falvaterra
      Ferentino
      Filettino
      Fiuggi
      Fontana Liri
      Fontechiari
      Frosinone
      Fumone
      Gallinaro
      Giuliano di Roma
      Guarcino
      Isola del Liri
      Monte San Giovanni Campano
      Morolo
      Paliano
      Pastena
      Patrica
      Pescosolido
      Picinisco
      Pico
      Piedimonte San Germano
      Piglio
      Pignataro Interamna
      Pofi
      Pontecorvo
      Posta Fibreno
      Ripi
      Rocca d'Arce
      Roccasecca
      San Biagio Saracinisco
      San Donato Val di Comino
      San Giorgio a Liri
      San Giovanni Incarico
      San Vittore del Lazio
      Sant'Ambrogio sul Garigliano
      Sant'Andrea del Garigliano
      Sant'Apollinare
      Sant'Elia Fiumerapido
      Santopadre
      Serrone
      Settefrati
      Sgurgola
      Sora
      Strangolagalli
      Supino
      Terelle
      Torre Cajetani
      Torrice
      Trevi nel Lazio
      Trivigliano
      Vallecorsa
      Vallemaio
      Vallerotonda
      Veroli
      Vicalvi
      Vico nel Lazio
      Villa Latina
      Villa Santa Lucia
      Villa Santo Stefano
      Viticuso

  • Latina
    • Aprilia
      Bassiano
      Campodimele
      Castelforte
      Cisterna di Latina
      Cori
      Fondi
      Formia
      Gaeta
      Itri
      Latina
      Lenola
      Maenza
      Minturno
      Monte San Biagio
      Norma
      Pontinia
      Ponza
      Priverno
      Prossedi
      Rocca Massima
      Roccagorga
      Roccasecca dei Volsci
      Sabaudia
      San Felice Circeo
      Santi Cosma e Damiano
      Sermoneta
      Sezze
      Sonnino
      Sperlonga
      Spigno Saturnia
      Terracina
      Ventotene

  • Rieti
    • Accumoli
      Amatrice
      Antrodoco
      Ascrea
      Belmonte in Sabina
      Borbona
      Borgo Velino
      Borgorose
      Cantalice
      Cantalupo in Sabina
      Casaprota
      Casperia
      Castel di Tora
      Castel Sant'Angelo
      Castelnuovo di Farfa
      Cittaducale
      Cittareale
      Collalto Sabino
      Colle di Tora
      Collegiove
      Collevecchio
      Colli sul Velino
      Concerviano
      Configni
      Contigliano
      Cottanello
      Fara in Sabina
      Fiamignano
      Forano
      Frasso Sabino
      Greccio
      Labro
      Leonessa
      Longone Sabino
      Magliano Sabina
      Marcetelli
      Micigliano
      Mompeo
      Montasola
      Monte San Giovanni in Sabina
      Montebuono
      Monteleone Sabino
      Montenero Sabino
      Montopoli di Sabina
      Morro Reatino
      Nespolo
      Orvinio
      Paganico Sabino
      Pescorocchiano
      Petrella Salto
      Poggio Bustone
      Poggio Catino
      Poggio Mirteto
      Poggio Moiano
      Poggio Nativo
      Poggio San Lorenzo
      Posta
      Pozzaglia Sabina
      Rieti
      Rivodutri
      Rocca Sinibalda
      Roccantica
      Salisano
      Scandriglia
      Selci
      Stimigliano
      Tarano
      Toffia
      Torri in Sabina
      Torricella in Sabina
      Turania
      Vacone
      Varco Sabino

  • Roma
    • Affile
      Agosta
      Albano Laziale
      Allumiere
      Anguillara Sabazia
      Anticoli Corrado
      Anzio
      Arcinazzo Romano
      Ardea
      Ariccia
      Arsoli
      Artena
      Bellegra
      Bracciano
      Camerata Nuova
      Campagnano di Roma
      Canale Monterano
      Canterano
      Capena
      Capranica Prenestina
      Carpineto Romano
      Casape
      Castel Gandolfo
      Castel Madama
      Castel San Pietro Romano
      Castelnuovo di Porto
      Cave
      Cerreto Laziale
      Cervara di Roma
      Cerveteri
      Ciampino
      Ciciliano
      Cineto Romano
      Civitavecchia
      Civitella San Paolo
      Colleferro
      Colonna
      Fiano Romano
      Filacciano
      Fiumicino
      Fonte Nuova
      Formello
      Frascati
      Gallicano nel Lazio
      Gavignano
      Genazzano
      Genzano di Roma
      Gerano
      Gorga
      Grottaferrata
      Guidonia Montecelio
      Jenne
      Labico
      Ladispoli
      Lanuvio
      Lariano
      Licenza
      Magliano Romano
      Mandela
      Manziana
      Marano Equo
      Marcellina
      Marino
      Mazzano Romano
      Mentana
      Monte Compatri
      Monte Porzio Catone
      Monteflavio
      Montelanico
      Montelibretti
      Monterotondo
      Montorio Romano
      Moricone
      Morlupo
      Nazzano
      Nemi
      Nerola
      Nettuno
      Olevano Romano
      Palestrina
      Palombara Sabina
      Percile
      Pisoniano
      Poli
      Pomezia
      Ponzano Romano
      Riano
      Rignano Flaminio
      Riofreddo
      Rocca Canterano
      Rocca di Cave
      Rocca di Papa
      Rocca Priora
      Rocca Santo Stefano
      Roccagiovine
      Roiate
      Roma
      Roviano
      Sacrofano
      Sambuci
      San Cesareo
      San Gregorio da Sassola
      San Polo dei Cavalieri
      San Vito Romano
      Santa Marinella
      Sant'Angelo Romano
      Sant'Oreste
      Saracinesco
      Segni
      Subiaco
      Tivoli
      Tolfa
      Torrita Tiberina
      Trevignano Romano
      Vallepietra
      Vallinfreda
      Valmontone
      Velletri
      Vicovaro
      Vivaro Romano
      Zagarolo

  • Viterbo
    • Acquapendente
      Arlena di Castro
      Bagnoregio
      Barbarano Romano
      Bassano in Teverina
      Bassano Romano
      Blera
      Bolsena
      Bomarzo
      Calcata
      Canepina
      Canino
      Capodimonte
      Capranica
      Caprarola
      Carbognano
      Castel Sant'Elia
      Castiglione in Teverina
      Celleno
      Cellere
      Civita Castellana
      Civitella d'Agliano
      Corchiano
      Fabrica di Roma
      Faleria
      Farnese
      Gallese
      Gradoli
      Graffignano
      Grotte di Castro
      Ischia di Castro
      Latera
      Lubriano
      Marta
      Montalto di Castro
      Monte Romano
      Montefiascone
      Monterosi
      Nepi
      Onano
      Oriolo Romano
      Orte
      Piansano
      Proceno
      Ronciglione
      San Lorenzo Nuovo
      Soriano nel Cimino
      Sutri
      Tarquinia
      Tessennano
      Tuscania
      Valentano
      Vallerano
      Vasanello
      Vejano
      Vetralla
      Vignanello
      Villa San Giovanni in Tuscia
      Viterbo
      Vitorchiano

Lazio Flag
A 'stemma' (pl.stemme) is the Italian word for 'coat of arms'. In Italy, every region, every province within that region and every comune within that province has its own coat of arms.

Order a hand painted tile displaying any 'Stemma' of your choice. See more here
Lazio Airports
Lazio National Parks
Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park
Circeo National Park
The Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga National Park
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