Around the turn of the 20th century prominent Italian architects looked to find a national modernist language and personal identity, within the various pillars of the modernist movement and under rule of a fascist government.
However, the late 20th and 21st centuries have seen a growing trend towards revitalizing cities with modern architecture and urban planning in Italy. Many famous architects, both Italian, such as: Renzo Piano, Carlo Scarpa and Aldo Rossi, and international, such as: Rem Koolhaas (Netherlands), Zaha Hadid (Iraq) and Richard Meier, (USA), have designed buildings of note.
Despite Italy's already healthy tourism industry, many cities have been tempted to commission 'star architects' to design iconic buildings. The 'Bilbao effect' as it is known, refers to Frank Gehry's Guggenheim Museum in the previously sleepy Spanish city of Bilbao. These projects are likely vehicles to promote Italy as a country of innovation as much as they are stand-alone tourist attractions.
Below are some of the modern buildings worth visiting in Italy:
Parco della Musica - Renzo Piano Jubilee Church - Richard Meier MAXXI - National Museum of the 21st Century Arts - Zaha Hadid
Olivetti Showroom & The Gallerie dell'Accademia (restoration) - Carlo Scarpa Ponte della Costituzione - Santiago Calatrava
Luigi Bocconi Free University - Grafton Architects Velasca Tower - BBPR SS. Giovanni E Paolo Church - Luigi Figini and Gino Pollini
'City Life' (architecture and urban design) under construction, completion due 2014 - Arata Isozaki, Daniel Libeskind, Zaha Hadid, and Pier Paolo Maggiora
San Paolo Church - Massimiliano and Doriana Fuksas
Municipal Library - Studio Archea
Padre Pio Pilgrimage Church - Renzo Piano
Oscar Niemeyer Auditorium - Oscar Niemeyer
Ca Di Cozzi - Aldo Rossi Castelvecchio Museum (renovation) - Carlo Scarpa Verona Forum - Mario Bellini Architects