Italian News Headlines 26-09-2023 - Cosa Nostra mafia boss, Messina Denaro, has died of colon cancer at the age of 62. He was being held in a maximum security prison after 30 years on the run. He was responsible for dozens of murders including those of anti-mafia magistrates, Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino --- Giorgio Napolitano, the only Italian President to be elected twice, has died in Rome at the age of 98 --- Italian Prime Minister, Giorgia Meloni, met with European Commission President, Ursula von der Leyen, on the Italian island of Lampedusa to discuss the European refugee crisis after more than 7,000 migrants arrived from Tunisia in a single week --- Venetian authorities vote to introduce 'ticket only' access to the city from 2024 --- A man who posted a video of himself carving his name into the wall of the Colosseum, while his girlfriend watched, has been identified as living in Britain --- Following the death of Silvio Berlusconi, on June 12th, Antonio Tajani will be appointed the new president of Forza Italia --- Silvio Berlusconi, 4 times Italian prime minister, has died at the age of 86 from complications resulting from Leukaemia --- Extreme weather in Emilia-Romagna has led to 14 dead and 35,000 displaced. There are 500 roads closed and over over 300 sites at risk of landslides --- Two new victims of the Vesuvius eruption in 79AD have been discovered during excavations in Pompei
Italian education system, italian schools, schooling in italy, Italian nursery school, primary schools in italy, italian middle school, high school, secondary schools in italy, vocational studies in italy, academic schools, Italian universities

Education in Italy

Education in Italy

Free state education is available to children of all nationalities who are residents of Italy. Children attending the Italian education system can start with the Scuola dell'Infanzia also known as Scuola Materna (nursery school), which is non-compulsory, from the age of three. Every child is entitled to a place.

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Scuola Primaria (Primary School)

At age six, children start their formal, compulsory education with the Scuola Primaria, also known as Scuola Elementare (Primary School). In order to comply with a European standard for school leaving age, it is possible to enter the Scuola Primaria at any time after the age of five and a half. At Scuola Primaria children learn to read, write and study a wide range of subjects including maths, geography, Italian, English and science. They also have music lessons, computer studies and social studies. Religious instruction is optional. Scuola Primaria lasts for five years. Classes are small, containing between 10 and 25 children. Pupils no longer take a leaving exam at the Scuola Primaria. At the age of eleven, they begin their Secondary education.

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Scuola Media (Middle School) or Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado (First Grade Secondary School)

All children aged between eleven and fourteen must attend the Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado (First Grade Secondary School). Students must attend at least thirty hours of formal lessons per week, although many schools provide additional activities in the afternoons, such as computer studies, music lessons and sports activities. Formal lessons cover a broad range of subjects following a National Curriculum set by the Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione, MPI (Ministry of Public Education). At the end of each term, students receive a school report. At the end of the third year, students sit for a written exam in the subjects of Italian, mathematics, science and a foreign language. There is an oral examination of the other subjects. Successful students are awarded the Licenza di Scuola Media (Licenza Media). They then move onto the Scuola Secondaria di Secondo Grado (Second Grade Secondary School)

Scuola Superiore (High School) or Scuola Secondaria di Secondo Grado (Second Grade Secondary School)

There are two types of Scuola Secondaria di Secondo Grado in Italy: the Liceo (like a British grammar school), which is more academic in nature, and an Istituto, which is essentially a vocational school. For the first two years, all students use the same state-mandated curriculum of Italian language and literature, science, mathematics, foreign language, religion, geography, history, social studies and physical education. Specialised courses called 'Indirizzi' begin in the third year.

Types of Italian High Schools

Liceo Classico (Classical High School):

This lasts for five years and prepares the student for university-level studies. Latin, Greek and Italian literature form an important part of the curriculum. During the last three years, Philosophy and History of Art are also studied. This is usually the period when students start noticing that help with assignments wouldn't hurt. So, they search for different ways to manage their homework. Often, they pay for essay writing and math homework to handle the hardest tasks.

Liceo Scientifico (Scientific High School):

This lasts for five years with an emphasis on Physics, Chemistry and Natural Sciences. The student also continues to study Latin and one modern language.

Liceo Artistico (Fine Arts High School):

Studies can last four to five years and prepare for university studies in Painting, Sculpture or Architecture.

Istituto Magistrale (Teacher Training School):

Studies last for five years and prepare future primary school teachers. There is also a three-year training course for nursery school teachers, but this diploma does not entitle students to then enrol at a university.

Istituto d'Arte (Artistic Schools):

Studies last three years and prepare for work within an artistic field and leading to an arts qualification (diploma di Maestro d'Arte)

Istituti Tecnici (Technical Institutes):

Studies last five years and prepare for both university studies and for a vocation. There is a majority of technical school students who prepare students to work in a technical or administrative capacity in agriculture, industry or commerce.

Istituti Professionali (Professional Institutes):

These studies lead, in three or five years, to the achievement of a vocational qualification. In order to receive the Diploma di Scuola Superiore, also known as the Diploma di Maturità (Secondary school diploma), students must pass written and oral exams. The first written exam requires an essay written in Italian, on an aspect of Literature, History, Society or Science.

The second written exam requires the student to write a paper relating to their chosen specialisation. The third exam is more general and includes questions regarding contemporary issues and the student's chosen foreign language.

After completing the written exams, students must take an oral exam in front of a board of six teachers. This exam covers aspects of their final year at school. Successful students receive various types of diplomas according to the type of school attended. The Diploma di Scuola Superiore is generally recognised as a university entrance qualification, although some universities have additional entrance requirements.

University is available to all students if they have completed five years of secondary school and received an upper secondary school diploma. It is possible for students who have attended vocational schools to attend university. If a student attended a four-year secondary school program, an additional year of schooling is necessary to qualify for university.

Those attending university after completing their Diploma di Scuola Superiore go for three years (four years for teaching qualifications) to achieve their Laurea (Bachelor's Degree).

University is divided into three cycles:

First Cycle - ‘Lauria Triennale’:

This lasts for three years. Students can choose from a diverse range of universities such as scientific departments, humanities (Literatures, Philosophy) or technical (Architecture, Engineering)

Second Cycle - ‘Lauria Magistrale’ or ‘Specialistica’:

This is two years and builds on the student’s first cycle of study. Some courses, however, take five years: typically, Law, Pharmacy, Architecture). Medical school takes six years.

Third Cycle:

This is only for the most ambitious students. This is offered as a ‘master’ (a short course building on the first two cycles) or ‘doctoral’ (theoretical courses for those heading into a career in academia or research)

Vocational education is called the Formazione Professionale. The first part of this lasts for three years, after which they are awarded the Qualifica Professionale. The second part, which lasts for a further two years, leads to the Licenza professionale also known as the Maturità professionale.

Enrolling in an Italian school

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Italian education system, italian schools, schooling in italy, Italian nursery school, primary schools in italy, italian middle school, high school, secondary schools in italy, vocational studies in italy, academic schools, Italian universities

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