Emilia-Romagna, region of emilia-romagna, emilia-romagna region

Region of Emilia-Romagna

Emilia-Romagna is located in Northern Italy and evolved from the joining of two historic regions: Emilia and Romagna. The capital is Bologna. it has an area of 22,124 square kilometres and it has about 4.3 million inhabitants. The region is divided into nine provinces: Bologna, Ferrara, Forli-Cesena, Modena, Parma, Piacenza, Ravenna, Reggio Emilia and Rimini. Emilia-Romagna borders onto: Liguria, Piedmont, Lombardia, Veneto, Le Marche and Tuscany.

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Emilia-Romagna is one of the wealthiest regions in Italy and is considered to be one of the richest and most developed regions in Europe. Bologna, the region's capital, is reputed to have one of Italy's highest quality of life, with extremely modern and advanced social services. It is also home to the oldest university in the Western World. The famous Renaissance cities of Modena, Parma and Ferrara also add to the cultural wealth of the region.

Emilia-Romagna

Pre-Romans, Emilia-Romagna was part of the Etruscan world and subsequently the Celtic Gauls. For the first thousand years AD, it was an important region for trade and religion, playing host to many monasteries. For three hundred years from the 9th century BC, the land was colonised by the Etruscans. During this period, numerous centers including Cesena, Parma, Piacenza, and Modena arose.

After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 6th century, the region of Emilia became part of the kingdom of Lombardy, found by the Germanic Lombards. When Charlemagne overthrew the dynasty, Romagna came under Byzantine rule, with Ravenna the capital of the Byzantine Empire. In the 8th century, Charlemagne’s son gifted the region to the Pope. It be would under Papal rule for the next few centuries.

The University of Bologna was formed in the 11th century. The House of Este dynasty then rose to prominence. Their support of the arts left behind a creative legacy. Culture then thrived in the 15th and 16th centuries, the region most notably producing poets Ludovico Ariosto and Matteo Maria Boiardo.

Emilia-Romagna

In the 1800s, Emilia then came under Napolean’s wing and ultimately, French control. The urge for Italian independence had already started to swell at this point. The region then officially became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. Since then, it saw a complete restructuring of the agriculture. This ended in the rise of an agricultural proletariat for the region and mainstream prominence of the class conflicts. The workforce chambers and institutions then formed the backbone of the modern Emilia-Romagna.

Post-First Wold War the region was characterised by social and political tension, resulting in unfortunate levels of violence. The Second World War saw devastation. Bologna in particular was severely damaged. But from the ashes grew hope. The region then became the main character of the Italian economic miracle. It witnessed the hegemony of the politically left parties, which gave rise to what’s known as ‘The Emilian Model’. In 1948, the region of Emilia merged with the newly autonomous Romagna.

Nearly half of the region (48%) consists of plains while 27% is hilly and 25% mountainous. The region lies below the Appenines and extensive Po river, where most of the land is flat. With the exception of the Po, the region’s main rivers descend from these mountains. The Trebbia, Taro, Secchia, Panaro, Reno, Ronco, Montone, and Savio are the most important rivers.

Emilia-Romagna

Lots of empty expanse and wetlands mark the natural biodiversity of the Po Delta. Pastoral hills cover the bottom of the region as the land reaches the Apennines, where the sea level begins to rise and eventually breaks 2,000 metres. The central swathe has a rich harvest and is where most regional food staples come from. East of the region are largely treeless and cultivated with wheat.

The region is seen as a bridge between two very distinct geographical systems, the continental and the peninsular. The location of the region marks the division between the colder lands of Northern Italy, in the Appenines (where winter temperatures can reach -15 degrees) and the sunny lands of the South (where temperatures can reach 45 degrees.

Emilia-Romagna

Tourists flock there for its array of medieval cities, Byzantine mosaics, Adriatic beaches and world-famous food. It has a large food-processing industry, and livestock and dairy farming are extensive. Some of its best-known exports are Parma ham and Parmigiano (both from Parma); Bolognese, tagliatelle, PGI-protected Mortadella Bologna (from Bologna) and Modena balsamic vinegar (from Modena). Well-known dishes include tagliatelle with ragù, lasagne alla Bolognese and Piadina Romagnola.

The manufacture of other good is also important for the economy. Cars, farm machinery, pharmaceuticals and clothing all stem from the region. Large deposits of natural gas and oil near Piacenza also play a crucial roe in Italy’s economy. Several world-famous supercar manufacturers are based in Emilia-Romagna: Ferrari, Lamborghini and Maserati as well as famous motorcycle manufacturer, Ducati. The region is also host to the Emilia Romagna Grand Prix, which takes place in the historic city of Imola, Bologna.

The region has a lively and colourful coastline, with several well-known resorts, such as Cattolica and Rimini. It’s a huge stretch of sand with nature reserves, lagoons, pine forests, headlands and lidos.

Emilia-Romagna

Emilia-Romagna boasts an impressive three UNESCO World Heritage sites: the cities of Ferrera, Modena and Ravenna. Within these, tourists can enjoy the magnificent Mosaics of Ravenna, the Porticoes of Bologna and The Delizie Estensi, the residences of the Este dukes. It also has two important sites of natural heritage: the Tuscan-Emilian Apennine National Park and Casentinesi Forest National Park.

The Via Emilia is the main artery of the Emilia-Romagna region. This ancient road runs for 260km, all the way from Piacenza to Rimini, crossing the entire region. The road, named after the consul Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, lends the region its name. Some sections are still visible today.

The modern day Emilia-Romagna is still left wing, having been since the Second World War. Plans to split Emilia and Romagna, as well as reduce the nine regions to four, have been raised but ultimately dropped.

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  • Regional Information

    • Area: 22,124 km²
      Population: 4.2m
      Density: 189/km²
      Capital: Bologna

      National Parks:
      Appennino Tosco-Emiliano
      Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona, Campigna
Location of Emilia-Romagna
Provinces of Emilia-Romagna
  • Comunes of Emilia-Romagna
    • Bologna

      • Anzola dell’Emilia
        Argelato
        Baricella
        Bazzano
        Bentivoglio
        Bologna
        Borgo Tossignano
        Budrio
        Calderara di Reno
        Camugnano
        Casalecchio di Reno
        Casalfiumanese
        Castel d’Aiano
        Castel del Rio
        Castel di Casio
        Castel Guelfo di Bologna
        Castel Maggiore
        Castel San Pietro Terme
        Castello d’Argile
        Castello di Serravalle
        Castenaso
        Castiglione dei Pepoli
        Crespellano
        Crevalcore
        Dozza
        Fontanelice
        Gaggio Montano
        Galliera
        Granaglione
        Granarolo dell’Emilia
        Grizzana Morandi
        Imola
        Lizzano in Belvedere
        Loiano
        Malalbergo
        Marzabotto
        Medicina
        Minerbio
        Molinella
        Monghidoro
        Monte San Pietro
        Monterenzio
        Monteveglio
        Monzuno
        Mordano
        Ozzano dell’Emilia
        Pianoro
        Pieve di Cento
        Porretta Terme
        Sala Bolognese
        San Benedetto Val di Sambro
        San Giorgio di Piano
        San Giovanni in Persiceto
        San Lazzaro di Savena
        San Pietro in Casale
        Sant’Agata Bolognese
        Sasso Marconi
        Savigno
        Vergato
        Zola Predosa

    • Ferrara
      • Argenta
        Berra
        Bondeno
        Cento
        Codigoro
        Comacchio
        Copparo
        Ferrara
        Formignana
        Goro
        Jolanda di Savoia
        Lagosanto
        Masi Torello
        Massa Fiscaglia
        Mesola
        Migliarino
        Migliaro
        Mirabello
        Ostellato
        Poggio Renatico
        Portomaggiore
        Ro
        Sant’Agostino
        Tresigallo
        Vigarano Mainarda
        Voghiera

    • Forlì-Cesena
      • Bagno di Romagna
        Bertinoro
        Borghi
        Castrocaro Terme e Terra del Sole
        Cesena
        Cesenatico
        Civitella di Romagna
        Dovadola
        Forlì
        Forlimpopoli
        Galeata
        Gambettola
        Gatteo
        Longiano
        Meldola
        Mercato Saraceno
        Modigliana
        Montiano
        Portico e San Benedetto
        Predappio
        Premilcuore
        Rocca San Casciano
        Roncofreddo
        San Mauro Pascoli
        Santa Sofia
        Sarsina
        Savignano sul Rubicone
        Sogliano al Rubicone
        Tredozio
        Verghereto

    • Modena
      • Bastiglia
        Bomporto
        Campogalliano
        Camposanto
        Carpi
        Castelfranco Emilia
        Castelnuovo Rangone
        Castelvetro di Modena
        Cavezzo
        Concordia sulla Secchia
        Fanano
        Finale Emilia
        Fiorano Modenese
        Fiumalbo
        Formigine
        Frassinoro
        Guiglia
        Lama Mocogno
        Maranello
        Marano sul Panaro
        Medolla
        Mirandola
        Modena
        Montecreto
        Montefiorino
        Montese
        Nonantola
        Novi di Modena
        Palagano
        Pavullo nel Frignano
        Pievepelago
        Polinago
        Prignano sulla Secchia
        Ravarino
        Riolunato
        San Cesario sul Panaro
        San Felice sul Panaro
        San Possidonio
        San Prospero
        Sassuolo
        Savignano sul Panaro
        Serramazzoni
        Sestola
        Soliera
        Spilamberto
        Vignola
        Zocca

    • Parma
      • Albareto
        Bardi
        Bedonia
        Berceto
        Bore
        Borgo Val di Taro
        Busseto
        Calestano
        Collecchio
        Colorno
        Compiano
        Corniglio
        Felino
        Fidenza
        Fontanellato
        Fontevivo
        Fornovo di Taro
        Langhirano
        Lesignano de’ Bagni
        Medesano
        Mezzani
        Monchio delle Corti
        Montechiarugolo
        Neviano degli Arduini
        Noceto
        Palanzano
        Parma
        Pellegrino Parmense
        Polesine Parmense
        Roccabianca
        Sala Baganza
        Salsomaggiore Terme
        San Secondo Parmense
        Sissa
        Solignano
        Soragna
        Sorbolo
        Terenzo
        Tizzano Val Parma
        Tornolo
        Torrile
        Traversetolo
        Trecasali
        Valmozzola
        Varano de’ Melegari
        Varsi
        Zibello

    • Piacenza
      • Agazzano
        Alseno
        Besenzone
        Bettola
        Bobbio
        Borgonovo Val Tidone
        Cadeo
        Calendasco
        Caminata
        Caorso
        Carpaneto Piacentino
        Castel San Giovanni
        Castell’Arquato
        Castelvetro Piacentino
        Cerignale
        Coli
        Corte Brugnatella
        Cortemaggiore
        Farini
        Ferriere
        Fiorenzuola d’Arda
        Gazzola
        Gossolengo
        Gragnano Trebbiense
        Gropparello
        Lugagnano Val D’Arda
        Monticelli d’Ongina
        Morfasso
        Nibbiano
        Ottone
        Pecorara
        Piacenza
        Pianello Val Tidone
        Piozzano
        Podenzano
        Ponte dell’Olio
        Pontenure
        Rivergaro
        Rottofreno
        San Giorgio Piacentino
        San Pietro in Cerro
        Sarmato
        Travo
        Vernasca
        Vigolzone
        Villanova sull’Arda
        Zerba
        Ziano Piacentino

    • Ravenna
      • Alfonsine
        Bagnacavallo
        Bagnara di Romagna
        Brisighella
        Casola Valsenio
        Castel Bolognese
        Cervia
        Conselice
        Cotignola
        Faenza
        Fusignano
        Lugo
        Massa Lombarda
        Ravenna
        Riolo Terme
        Russi
        Sant’Agata sul Santerno
        Solarolo

    • Reggio Emilia
      • Albinea
        Bagnolo in Piano
        Baiso
        Bibbiano
        Boretto
        Brescello
        Busana
        Cadelbosco di Sopra
        Campagnola Emilia
        Campegine
        Canossa
        Carpineti
        Casalgrande
        Casina
        Castellarano
        Castelnovo di Sotto
        Castelnovo ne’ Monti
        Cavriago
        Collagna
        Correggio
        Fabbrico
        Gattatico
        Gualtieri
        Guastalla
        Ligonchio
        Luzzara
        Montecchio Emilia
        Novellara
        Poviglio
        Quattro Castella
        Ramiseto
        Reggio Emilia
        Reggiolo
        Rio Saliceto
        Rolo
        Rubiera
        San Martino in Rio
        San Polo d’Enza
        Sant’Ilario d’Enza
        Scandiano
        Toano
        Vetto
        Vezzano sul Crostolo
        Viano
        Villa Minozzo

    • Rimini
      • Bellaria-Igea Marina
        Casteldelci
        Cattolica
        Coriano
        Gemmano
        Maiolo
        Misano Adriatico
        Mondaino
        Monte Colombo
        Montefiore Conca
        Montegridolfo
        Montescudo
        Morciano di Romagna
        Novafeltria
        Pennabilli
        Poggio Berni
        Riccione
        Rimini
        Saludecio
        San Clemente
        San Giovanni in Marignano
        San Leo
        Sant’Agata Feltria
        Santarcangelo di Romagna
        Talamello
        Torriana
        Verucchio
Hotels in Emilia-Romagna
Emilia-RomagnaWEATHER
Emilia-Romagna Climate (Bologna)
  High Low Sun Rain
Jan 5 -2 3 43
Feb 8 1 3 45
Mar 13 4 5 60
Apr 18 8 6 67
May 23 12 7 65
Jun 27 16 9 53
Jul 30 18 9 43
Aug 29 18 8 58
Sep 25 15 7 61
Oct 19 10 5 72
Nov 11 4 3 81
Dec 6 0 2 61
Table Key:
High - Average monthly high temperatures
Low - Average monthly low temperatures
Sun - Average hours of sunshine per day
Rain - Average monthly rainfall in mm
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