First Republic, Christian Democratic party, Italian Communist party, PCI, Aldo Moro, Red Brigades

Italian Politics - First Republic

First Republic, Christian Democratic party, Italian Communist party, PCI, Aldo Moro, Red Brigades

There have been 61 governments in Italy since 1945. However, the dominance of the Christian Democratic party in Italian politics over this period provided continuity and comparative stability to the political situation in the country, as they attempted to maintain Cold War equilibrium in the region by keeping the Italian Communist Party (PCI) out of power. Apart from playing a part in the National Unity governments prior to 1948, the communists have never been in power.

The cliché that Italy had 50 governments in its first 50 years of democracy is often used as an example of political instability. However, Italy's main political problem was actually the opposite. Where the governments of other western countries alternated between left and right wing parties, Italy's government remained in the hands of the Christian Democrats and their allies throughout the whole of the period of the so called 'First Republic', since it was politically unacceptable for a communist party to rule a western country during the Cold war period.

During the 1960s, Aldo Moro, a relatively left-leaning Christian Democrat, unsuccessfully attempted to include the socialists in the government. He would later try to include the communist party as well in a deal called 'The Historical Compromise'. In 1978, this attempt was brought to an abrupt halt by the kidnapping and murder of Moro by the Red Brigades, an extremist left-wing terror organisation.

At this time, the Communist Party was the largest in western Europe, and it has remained so ever since. Their appeal to Italians has been mainly due to the Party's independence from Moscow, their rejection of extremism and their reasonable, practical approach to politics.

Business Opportunities
Compared to the recent past, it is becoming increasingly attractive to open companies in Italy for non-EU and EU residents.
Italian Dual Citizenship
IDC works with people to obtain Italian citizenship by descent (jure sanguinis) or Italian citizenship by marriage.
Map of Italy
Facts & Figures
Area: 301,225 km²
Population: 60,157,214
Capital: Rome
Currency: Euro (€)
Calling code: +39
Internet TLD: .it

Current local time in
Rome, Italy
Italian Flag
Italian Coat of Arms
Euro Exchange Rates
Exchange Rates
Other pages you might like
Caltanissetta Province
Genova Province
Sophia Loren
Enter your email address below to receive our free, monthly newsletter containing all our most recent articles, current stories in the Italian news,
useful information for expats and visitors and our latest, delicious Italian recipes.
We will not use your email address for any other purpose or pass it on to any other organisation and you can unsubscribe from this service at any time.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.