Lazio, region of lazio, lazio region

Region of Lazio

Lazio, the second most-populated region of Italy, is situated in the western-central area of the country. It has an overall area of 17,208 square kilometres and a population of 5.6 million. This gives it a population density of 327 people per square kilometre, the second highest in Italy after Lombardy.

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It is bordered by the Italian regions of Tuscany, Umbria and Marche to the north; Abruzzo and Molise to the east; Campania to the south; and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west.

The capital of Lazio is Rome, also the capital of Italy. Lazio is home to the Vatican, the centre of the Roman Catholic Church worldwide. Vatican City also has the successful claim of being the world’s smallest city.

The provinces of Lazio are Frosinone, Latina, Rieti, Roma and Viterbo. Viterbo has a rich Etruscan history, while the region of Latina is less than one hundred years old. Rieti, which sits on the famous ‘St. Francis Trail’, is the modern capital of the ancient Sabina region. Frosinone is a key city of the ‘Latin Valley’, covering the area of ancient Roman Latium.

Although Lazio was initially poor, there has been extensive investment in the region since it joined with the rest of unified Italy in 1870. It now contributes 10% of the country's GDP and is one of the most important regions in Italy. Aside from tourism Lazio derives most of its wealth from agriculture, wine production, manufacturing, textiles, pharmaceuticals, and publishing.

Until the 1920s and 30s, the region’s lowlands were home to a marshy and swampy wasteland. These areas were completely transformed by Benito Mussolini and his Fascist Party, who cleared the sites to build new towns. The city of Latina is one such example. As the lowlands began to produce meat, dairy, wheat and vegetables, agriculture became one of Lazio’s main exports.

Despite Lazio being a vast region, many parts of it are still unknown to tourists, who flock only to the city of Rome. Those that do not venture out into the region are missing out on the opportunity to sample food, landscape and architecture that can hold its own with anywhere else in Europe.


Spaghetti Carbonara

For instance, most of Italy’s most famous pasta dishes hail from Lazio, with four pasta sauces of Rome (carbonara, cacio e pepe, Amatriciana and Gricia) calling the region home too.

Visitors to Lazio can expect to find some of Italy’s most famous dishes on the menu, alongside other local classics such as spaghetti all’Arrabbiata. For meat dishes, laziali (that is, people from Lazio) prefer rich, slowly-cooked dishes such as stews and ragùs.

The most famous vegetable in Lazio is the artichoke, brought to prominence by Rome’s Jewish population. You’ll see this on menus with lashes of olive oil, alongside other vegetable favourites such as cicoria (chicory) and braised endives.

White wine, particularly Malvasia and Trebbiano, is one of Lazio’s best exports. For many generations, the region was known for preferring quantity over quantity until modern times saw a huge shift in attitude. The region’s Cincinnato vineyard is now fast developing a reputation as one of Italy’s best.

There are more than 200 grape varieties in the area, with approximately 27 DOC titles. So it is unsurprising that many of the region’s hectares are devoted to winemaking, which tourists flock to on a daily basis. For those touring the wine haven of the nearby Sabine Hills, a fantastic starting point is Fara in Sabina, a Lazio commune northwest of Rome.

There are two main fishing ports in Lazio. Civitavecchia, the first, has been around since the 2nd century whilst Gaeta, the second, pre-dates many years before that. Anzio fishing port, 50km south of Rome, is well-known for the quality of its fresh fish. If you’ve ever eaten mackerel, octopus or anchovies in central Italy, it’s very likely it will have come from these waters. The port practices sustainable fishing too, which means there is a cap on the amount of fishing in the area.

People often ask why Italians have good skin. The answer lies not only in a diet rich in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. The jewels in Lazio’s crown are their incredible hot springs that are packed with minerals and are said to have healing properties. People have been travelling to Terme del Bullicame, a spa full of hot sulphurous water, for many hundreds of years. The waters here are said to cure respiratory and gynaecological illnesses. Dante Alighieri even mentioned them in his epic Divina Commedia (Divine Comedy).


Abbey at Montecassino

For religious sites, Monte Cassino hosts one of the most famous monasteries in the world. It was also the site of one of the biggest battles between Italy and Germany during the Second World War.

Lazio is home to the Italian film industry. Rome’s Cinecittà Studios is the largest film studio in Europe. As well as also being home to a theme park, it has produced 47 Oscar-winning movies.

The region has a landscape unsurpassed by many in Italy. To the east, Lazio is dominated by the Central Apennine mountain ranges, rising to 2,216 metres at Mount Terminillo. To the west, the coast of Lazio is mainly low-lying with long, sandy beaches interrupted by the headlands of Circeo and Gaeta. The Pontine Islands, which are part of Lazio, lie to the south of the region.


Lake Bolsena

The lakes of Bolsena, Vico, Bracciano lie northwest of Rome; the lakes Albano and Nemi to the southeast of Rome. All were formed from four groups of ancient volcanoes.

Lazio is home to five UNESCO World Heritage sites. These are Rome itself; the magnificent gardens and grounds of Villa d’Este and Villa Adriana; the Etruscan Necropolises Of Cerveteri And Tarquinia; and the ancient beech forests of the Faggeta del Monte, Cimino.

Rome dominates the tourism industry for Lazio. Ancient trades such as craftwork are still prevalent, but this industry is dwarfed by the huge numbers brought in by the movie, fashion and tourism industry, as well as state income from the Vatican.

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Flag of Lazio
  • Regional Information

    • Area: 17,208 km²
      Population: 5.6m
      Density: 327/km²
      Capital: Rome

      National Parks:
      Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park
      Circeo National Park
      The Gran Sasso and Monti della Laga National Park
Location of Lazio
Provinces of Lazio
  • Comunes
    • Frosinone
      • Acquafondata
        Acuto
        Alatri
        Alvito
        Amaseno
        Anagni
        Aquino
        Arce
        Arnara
        Arpino
        Atina
        Ausonia
        Belmonte Castello
        Boville Ernica
        Broccostella
        Campoli Appennino
        Casalattico
        Casalvieri
        Cassino
        Castelliri
        Castelnuovo Parano
        Castro dei Volsci
        Castrocielo
        Ceccano
        Ceprano
        Cervaro
        Colfelice
        Colle San Magno
        Collepardo
        Coreno Ausonio
        Esperia
        Falvaterra
        Ferentino
        Filettino
        Fiuggi
        Fontana Liri
        Fontechiari
        Frosinone
        Fumone
        Gallinaro
        Giuliano di Roma
        Guarcino
        Isola del Liri
        Monte San Giovanni Campano
        Morolo
        Paliano
        Pastena
        Patrica
        Pescosolido
        Picinisco
        Pico
        Piedimonte San Germano
        Piglio
        Pignataro Interamna
        Pofi
        Pontecorvo
        Posta Fibreno
        Ripi
        Rocca d’Arce
        Roccasecca
        San Biagio Saracinisco
        San Donato Val di Comino
        San Giorgio a Liri
        San Giovanni Incarico
        San Vittore del Lazio
        Sant’Ambrogio sul Garigliano
        Sant’Andrea del Garigliano
        Sant’Apollinare
        Sant’Elia Fiumerapido
        Santopadre
        Serrone
        Settefrati
        Sgurgola
        Sora
        Strangolagalli
        Supino
        Terelle
        Torre Cajetani
        Torrice
        Trevi nel Lazio
        Trivigliano
        Vallecorsa
        Vallemaio
        Vallerotonda
        Veroli
        Vicalvi
        Vico nel Lazio
        Villa Latina
        Villa Santa Lucia
        Villa Santo Stefano
        Viticuso

    • Latina
      • Aprilia
        Bassiano
        Campodimele
        Castelforte
        Cisterna di Latina
        Cori
        Fondi
        Formia
        Gaeta
        Itri
        Latina
        Lenola
        Maenza
        Minturno
        Monte San Biagio
        Norma
        Pontinia
        Ponza
        Priverno
        Prossedi
        Rocca Massima
        Roccagorga
        Roccasecca dei Volsci
        Sabaudia
        San Felice Circeo
        Santi Cosma e Damiano
        Sermoneta
        Sezze
        Sonnino
        Sperlonga
        Spigno Saturnia
        Terracina
        Ventotene

    • Rieti
      • Accumoli
        Amatrice
        Antrodoco
        Ascrea
        Belmonte in Sabina
        Borbona
        Borgo Velino
        Borgorose
        Cantalice
        Cantalupo in Sabina
        Casaprota
        Casperia
        Castel di Tora
        Castel Sant’Angelo
        Castelnuovo di Farfa
        Cittaducale
        Cittareale
        Collalto Sabino
        Colle di Tora
        Collegiove
        Collevecchio
        Colli sul Velino
        Concerviano
        Configni
        Contigliano
        Cottanello
        Fara in Sabina
        Fiamignano
        Forano
        Frasso Sabino
        Greccio
        Labro
        Leonessa
        Longone Sabino
        Magliano Sabina
        Marcetelli
        Micigliano
        Mompeo
        Montasola
        Monte San Giovanni in Sabina
        Montebuono
        Monteleone Sabino
        Montenero Sabino
        Montopoli di Sabina
        Morro Reatino
        Nespolo
        Orvinio
        Paganico Sabino
        Pescorocchiano
        Petrella Salto
        Poggio Bustone
        Poggio Catino
        Poggio Mirteto
        Poggio Moiano
        Poggio Nativo
        Poggio San Lorenzo
        Posta
        Pozzaglia Sabina
        Rieti
        Rivodutri
        Rocca Sinibalda
        Roccantica
        Salisano
        Scandriglia
        Selci
        Stimigliano
        Tarano
        Toffia
        Torri in Sabina
        Torricella in Sabina
        Turania
        Vacone
        Varco Sabino

    • Roma
      • Affile
        Agosta
        Albano Laziale
        Allumiere
        Anguillara Sabazia
        Anticoli Corrado
        Anzio
        Arcinazzo Romano
        Ardea
        Ariccia
        Arsoli
        Artena
        Bellegra
        Bracciano
        Camerata Nuova
        Campagnano di Roma
        Canale Monterano
        Canterano
        Capena
        Capranica Prenestina
        Carpineto Romano
        Casape
        Castel Gandolfo
        Castel Madama
        Castel San Pietro Romano
        Castelnuovo di Porto
        Cave
        Cerreto Laziale
        Cervara di Roma
        Cerveteri
        Ciampino
        Ciciliano
        Cineto Romano
        Civitavecchia
        Civitella San Paolo
        Colleferro
        Colonna
        Fiano Romano
        Filacciano
        Fiumicino
        Fonte Nuova
        Formello
        Frascati
        Gallicano nel Lazio
        Gavignano
        Genazzano
        Genzano di Roma
        Gerano
        Gorga
        Grottaferrata
        Guidonia Montecelio
        Jenne
        Labico
        Ladispoli
        Lanuvio
        Lariano
        Licenza
        Magliano Romano
        Mandela
        Manziana
        Marano Equo
        Marcellina
        Marino
        Mazzano Romano
        Mentana
        Monte Compatri
        Monte Porzio Catone
        Monteflavio
        Montelanico
        Montelibretti
        Monterotondo
        Montorio Romano
        Moricone
        Morlupo
        Nazzano
        Nemi
        Nerola
        Nettuno
        Olevano Romano
        Palestrina
        Palombara Sabina
        Percile
        Pisoniano
        Poli
        Pomezia
        Ponzano Romano
        Riano
        Rignano Flaminio
        Riofreddo
        Rocca Canterano
        Rocca di Cave
        Rocca di Papa
        Rocca Priora
        Rocca Santo Stefano
        Roccagiovine
        Roiate
        Roma
        Roviano
        Sacrofano
        Sambuci
        San Cesareo
        San Gregorio da Sassola
        San Polo dei Cavalieri
        San Vito Romano
        Santa Marinella
        Sant’Angelo Romano
        Sant’Oreste
        Saracinesco
        Segni
        Subiaco
        Tivoli
        Tolfa
        Torrita Tiberina
        Trevignano Romano
        Vallepietra
        Vallinfreda
        Valmontone
        Velletri
        Vicovaro
        Vivaro Romano
        Zagarolo

    • Viterbo
      • Acquapendente
        Arlena di Castro
        Bagnoregio
        Barbarano Romano
        Bassano in Teverina
        Bassano Romano
        Blera
        Bolsena
        Bomarzo
        Calcata
        Canepina
        Canino
        Capodimonte
        Capranica
        Caprarola
        Carbognano
        Castel Sant’Elia
        Castiglione in Teverina
        Celleno
        Cellere
        Civita Castellana
        Civitella d’Agliano
        Corchiano
        Fabrica di Roma
        Faleria
        Farnese
        Gallese
        Gradoli
        Graffignano
        Grotte di Castro
        Ischia di Castro
        Latera
        Lubriano
        Marta
        Montalto di Castro
        Monte Romano
        Montefiascone
        Monterosi
        Nepi
        Onano
        Oriolo Romano
        Orte
        Piansano
        Proceno
        Ronciglione
        San Lorenzo Nuovo
        Soriano nel Cimino
        Sutri
        Tarquinia
        Tessennano
        Tuscania
        Valentano
        Vallerano
        Vasanello
        Vejano
        Vetralla
        Vignanello
        Villa San Giovanni in Tuscia
        Viterbo
        Vitorchiano

Hotels in Lazio
LazioWEATHER
Lazio Climate (Rome)
  High Low Sun Rain
Jan 15 8 4 63
Feb 15 8 4 52
Mar 17 9 5 43
Apr 19 11 6 31
May 24 15 7 17
Jun 28 18 9 9
Jul 31 22 10 6
Aug 31 22 9 9
Sep 28 19 7 29
Oct 24 16 6 53
Nov 20 12 4 63
Dec 17 10 4 59
Table Key:
High - Average monthly high temperatures
Low - Average monthly low temperatures
Sun - Average hours of sunshine per day
Rain - Average monthly rainfall in mm
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