Livorno Province
Livorno Province
Castello del Boccale-Etienne
Province of Livorno, Tuscany

Livorno Province

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The province of Livorno covers and area of 1,218 sq.km. and includes the islands of Gorgona, Capraia, Elba, Pianosa and Montecristo from the Tuscan Archipelago.

Livorno Province
Province of Livorno, Tuscany
It is bordered to the north and east by the province of Pisa, to the south by the province of Grosseto and to the west by the Tyrrhenian sea.

To the north the province is flat and was once nothing but marshes. Further south there are some low hills but the only high part of this province is the Piombino promontory where the coast is high and rocky.

Livorno
Livorno is the capital city of the province of Livorno in the region of Tuscany, Italy. It is a busy port lying on the western shores of the Mediterranean sea and was originally created in 1017 as a small fortress to protect the city of Pisa.

In the early 17th century Ferdinando II de'Medici inititiated a plan to extend the city in order to create an area which would give more space for maritime and commercial activities. This was constructed north of the city with land reclaimed from the sea and meaning it had to have many canals and was connected to the rest of the city by bridges. The complex work meant that skilled workers from Venice had to be employed to create it and the area became known as Venezia Nuova.

Livorno Province
Venezia Nuova - Photo: Luca Relli
Livorno suffered badly during World War II with many of the major historic sites and buildings, including the cathedral, being destroyed by bombs.

The main squares and public places in Livorno are Piazza della Repubblica, Piazza Grande and Terrazza Mascagni which is a large, open promenade on the seafront offering views of the sea and Tuscan Islands, the Port of Livorno and the Livorno hills in the background.

Livorno Province
Piazza della Repubblica - Photo: Luca Aless
The places, buildings and monuments to see are:
Cathedral of Saint Francis of Assisi which was built in a central position on the edge of Piazza Grande in the late 16th century. It was completely destroyed in 1943 but was rebuilt as close to the original as possible.

The Palazzo Comunale, originally built in 1720, damaged by an earthquake in 1742 and then destroyed by bombing during World War II. Like the Cathedral, it was rebuilt afterwards in keeping with the original.

Monumento dei Quattro Mori (Monument of the Four Moors) is the most famous statue in the city. It was commissioned by Ferdinando 1 de'Medici in 1595 when he asked Giovanni Bandini to make a statue of him in uniform out of white Carrara marble. He later decided to add the four Moorish prisoners and the first two were added in 1622 and the last two in 1626.

Fortezza Vecchia originated in 1077 when a square tower was built on top of a ruined Roman tower.In 1241, after a successful battle, a 30 metre high cylindrical tower was added with two forts being built in 1377. These two forts were connected to a wall in 1392 as a form of defence.

Livorno Province
Fortezza Vecchia - Photo: Piergiuliano Chesi
Fortezza Nuova was built at the end of the 16th century and is made from stones and red bricks. It was badly damaged during the Second World War but underwent complete restoration which finished in 1972.

Livorno Province
Fortezza Nuova - Photo: E.A.S.
Some notable churches in the city are:
Church of the Madonna.
Church of the Most Holy Annunciation.
Church of Saint-John the Baptist.
Church of Saint Caterina.
Church of Saint Ferdinand.

There is an aquarium, 'Acquario Comunale Diacinto Cestoni' which is the biggest in Tuscany.

Livorno is also home to the Italian Naval Academy (Accademia Navale) which is a coeducational military university.

Piombino
Directly opposite the Island of Elba, Piombino has an ancient town centre which was once an Etruscan Port. This port is still used today for both commercial and tourist traffic and ferries run from here to Elba and Olbia in Sardinia.

The main sites in the town are: The Cathedral of Sant'Antimo built around 1377.

Il Torrione which dates back to 1212 making it the oldest monument in the town. It was once the main gatway into Piombino and was also used as a lookout tower.

Rivellino which was added to Il Torrione in 1447 as a fortification and better defense from artillery.

Livorno Province
Il Torrione and Rivellino - Photo: Sailko
Cassero Pisano, a castle consisting of a fortress and a cassero which was used as a military prison up until 1959.

Palazzo Comunale, the Town Hall, was built in 1435 but has been almost totally reconstructed.

The Chiesa della Misericordia constructed in the early 13th century and housing a prized 15th century crucifix.

Chapel of St. Anne which is a good example of Renaissance architecture. It is annexed to the 16th century Torre Civica.

Castiglioncello
This town has been a popular seaside resort since the 19th century and is a pleasant place to have a summer holiday with good beaches and facilities.

Besides the beaches, bars, cafes and restaurants there are a few interesting places in and around the town to visit:
Castello Pasquini, built at the end of the 19th century.

Livorno Province
Pasquini Castle, Castiglioncello - Photo: Unukorno
Torre di Castiglioncello dating back to the 17th century and was used as a coastal lookout tower.

Chiesa dell'Immacolata Concezione.

Cecina
There is an archaeological park near this town housing the remains of a Roman Villa from the 1st century BC.

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  • Regional Information

    • Area: 22,990 km²
      Population: 3.6 million
      Density: 157/km²
      Capital: Florence

      National Parks:
      Tuscan Archipelago
      Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona, and Campigna
Location of Tuscany
Provinces of Tuscany
  • Comunes of Tuscany
    • Arezzo
      • Anghiari
        Arezzo
        Badia Tedalda
        Bibbiena
        Bucine
        Capolona
        Caprese Michelangelo
        Castel Focognano
        Castel San Niccolò
        Castelfranco di Sopra
        Castiglion Fibocchi
        Castiglion Fiorentino
        Cavriglia
        Chitignano
        Chiusi della Verna
        Civitella in Val di Chiana
        Cortona
        Foiano della Chiana
        Laterina
        Loro Ciuffenna
        Lucignano
        Marciano della Chiana
        Monte San Savino
        Montemignaio
        Monterchi
        Montevarchi
        Ortignano Raggiolo
        Pergine Valdarno
        Pian di Sco
        Pieve Santo Stefano
        Poppi
        Pratovecchio
        San Giovanni Valdarno
        Sansepolcro
        Sestino
        Stia
        Subbiano
        Talla
        Terranuova Bracciolini

    • Firenze
      • Bagno a Ripoli
        Barberino di Mugello
        Barberino Val d’Elsa
        Borgo San Lorenzo
        Calenzano
        Campi Bisenzio
        Capraia e Limite
        Castelfiorentino
        Cerreto Guidi
        Certaldo
        Dicomano
        Empoli
        Fiesole
        Figline Valdarno
        Firenze
        Firenzuola
        Fucecchio
        Gambassi Terme
        Greve in Chianti
        Impruneta
        Incisa in Val d’Arno
        Lastra a Signa
        Londa
        Marradi
        Montaione
        Montelupo Fiorentino
        Montespertoli
        Palazzuolo sul Senio
        Pelago
        Pontassieve
        Reggello
        Rignano sull’Arno
        Rufina
        San Casciano in Val di Pesa
        San Godenzo
        San Piero a Sieve
        Scandicci
        Scarperia
        Sesto Fiorentino
        Signa
        Tavarnelle Val di Pesa
        Vaglia
        Vicchio
        Vinci

    • Grosseto
      • Arcidosso
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        Castel del Piano
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        Follonica
        Gavorrano
        Grosseto
        Isola del Giglio
        Magliano in Toscana
        Manciano
        Massa Marittima
        Monte Argentario
        Monterotondo Marittimo
        Montieri
        Orbetello
        Pitigliano
        Roccalbegna
        Roccastrada
        Santa Fiora
        Scansano
        Scarlino
        Seggiano
        Semproniano
        Sorano

    • Livorno
      • Bibbona
        Campiglia Marittima
        Campo nell’Elba
        Capoliveri
        Capraia Isola
        Castagneto Carducci
        Cecina
        Collesalvetti
        Livorno
        Marciana
        Marciana Marina
        Piombino
        Porto Azzurro
        Portoferraio
        Rio Marina
        Rio nell’Elba
        Rosignano Marittimo
        San Vincenzo
        Sassetta
        Suvereto

    • Lucca
      • Altopascio
        Bagni di Lucca
        Barga
        Borgo a Mozzano
        Camaiore
        Camporgiano
        Capannori
        Careggine
        Castelnuovo di Garfagnana
        Castiglione di Garfagnana
        Coreglia Antelminelli
        Fabbriche di Vallico
        Forte dei Marmi
        Fosciandora
        Gallicano
        Giuncugnano
        Lucca
        Massarosa
        Minucciano
        Molazzana
        Montecarlo
        Pescaglia
        Piazza al Serchio
        Pietrasanta
        Pieve Fosciana
        Porcari
        San Romano in Garfagnana
        Seravezza
        Sillano
        Stazzema
        Vagli Sotto
        Vergemoli
        Viareggio
        Villa Basilica
        Villa Collemandina

    • Massa-Carrara
      • Aulla
        Bagnone
        Carrara
        Casola in Lunigiana
        Comano
        Filattiera
        Fivizzano
        Fosdinovo
        Licciana Nardi
        Massa
        Montignoso
        Mulazzo
        Podenzana
        Pontremoli
        Tresana
        Villafranca in Lunigiana
        Zeri

    • Pisa
      • Bientina
        Buti
        Calci
        Calcinaia
        Capannoli
        Casale Marittimo
        Casciana Terme
        Cascina
        Castelfranco di Sotto
        Castellina Marittima
        Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina
        Chianni
        Crespina
        Fauglia
        Guardistallo
        Lajatico
        Lari
        Lorenzana
        Montecatini Val di Cecina
        Montescudaio
        Monteverdi Marittimo
        Montopoli in Val d’Arno
        Orciano Pisano
        Palaia
        Peccioli
        Pisa
        Pomarance
        Ponsacco
        Pontedera
        Riparbella
        San Giuliano Terme
        San Miniato
        Santa Croce sull’Arno
        Santa Luce
        Santa Maria a Monte
        Terricciola
        Vecchiano
        Vicopisano
        Volterra

    • Pistoia
      • Abetone
        Agliana
        Buggiano
        Chiesina Uzzanese
        Cutigliano
        Lamporecchio
        Larciano
        Marliana
        Massa e Cozzile
        Monsummano Terme
        Montale
        Montecatini-Terme
        Pescia
        Pieve a Nievole
        Pistoia
        Piteglio
        Ponte Buggianese
        Quarrata
        Sambuca Pistoiese
        San Marcello Pistoiese
        Serravalle Pistoiese
        Uzzano

    • Prato
      • Cantagallo
        Carmignano
        Montemurlo
        Poggio a Caiano
        Prato
        Vaiano
        Vernio

    • Siena
      • Abbadia San Salvatore
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        Buonconvento
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        Castellina in Chianti
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        Castiglione d’Orcia
        Cetona
        Chianciano Terme
        Chiusdino
        Chiusi
        Colle di Val d’Elsa
        Gaiole in Chianti
        Montalcino
        Montepulciano
        Monteriggioni
        Monteroni d’Arbia
        Monticiano
        Murlo
        Piancastagnaio
        Pienza
        Poggibonsi
        Radda in Chianti
        Radicofani
        Radicondoli
        Rapolano Terme
        San Casciano dei Bagni
        San Gimignano
        San Giovanni d’Asso
        San Quirico d’Orcia
        Sarteano
        Siena
        Sinalunga
        Sovicille
        Torrita di Siena
        Trequanda

Hotels in Tuscany
TuscanyWEATHER
Tuscany Climate (Florence)
  High Low Sun Rain
Jan 15 8 4 63
Feb 15 8 4 52
Mar 17 9 5 43
Apr 19 11 6 31
May 24 15 7 17
Jun 28 18 9 9
Jul 31 22 10 6
Aug 31 22 9 9
Sep 28 19 7 29
Oct 24 16 6 53
Nov 20 12 4 63
Dec 17 10 4 59
Table Key:
High - Average monthly high temperatures
Low - Average monthly low temperatures
Sun - Average hours of sunshine per day
Rain - Average monthly rainfall in mm
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