Pollino National Park
Pollino National Park
Orsomarso
Pollino National Park, Basilicata / Calabria

Pollino National Park

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The Pollino National Park was established in 1992 and is located across the regions of Basilicata and Calabria. It covers 1,925 square kilometres and is the largest of the Italian national parks.
Pollino National Park
Straddling the Southern Apennines, the park is very mountainous, reaching the highest point of 2,248m on Mount Pollino, from where the park takes its name. From the summit, it is possible to see the Tyrrhenian coast to the west and the Ionian coast to the east at the same time. The mountain slopes and valleys are densely wooded with Beech, Chestnut, Turkey Oak and Bosnian Pine, which is the symbol of the park. The whole area abounds with wildlife, including: the Golden Eagle, falcons, kites and vultures, the Italian wolf, otters and deer.

Mountaneering, trekking and hiking are popular activities in the park, and white water rafting is available on the river Lao.

The are many historic towns and villages in the Pollino, including: Rotonda, Castrovillari, Morano Calabro, Laino Castello, Mormanno, Scalea, Papasidero, Civita and Cerchiara. The area is also home to several historic, Albanian-speaking communities in San Paolo Albanese, San Costantino Albanese and other villages throughout the area.

the area is rich in history and there are many places of interest to visit:

San Severino Lucano
One of the most important local events takes place at the 'Madonna del Pollino' sanctuary every year at the beginning of July.

Pollino National Park - Basilicata
San Severino Lucano - Photo: Francesco Sabatini
The sanctuary stands at 1,537 metres above sea level and was constructed to commemorate the 'Madonna' appearing before a shepherd and showing him the location of a statue of the 'Holy Virgin' in a nearby cave. Every year, over two consecutive days, thousands of pilgrims climb the mountain, walk around the sanctuary three times and come back again, singing and playing traditional instruments. On the third day, the procession, headed by a group of women, carries the statue from the church at San Severino to the sanctuary, where it will stay for the summer months.

Morano Calabro
The town of Morano Calabro has a number of interesting, archaeological ruins including a castle that probably dates back to Roman times and was the headquarters of the first known fuedal lord of the area, Apollonio Morano, in the middle ages.

Pollino National Park - Basilicata
Norman Castle at Morano Calabro - Photo: Drrcs15
There are other castles at Valsinni and Castrovillari.

Valle del Mercure
The 'Mercure' valley dates back to pre-historic times and there have been many paleontological discoveries including: hippopotamus , mammoths and primogeni elephants.

The river itself is renamed the 'Lao' as it crosses into Calabria, and it is here that visitors can enjoy white water rafting.

Pollino National Park - Basilicata
White Water Rafting - Photo: Val di Sole
The area was also historically significant as the site of a religious community called 'Mercurion', established around the 11th century. It was this community that gave the area its name.

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  • Regional Information

    • Area: 9,995 km²
      Population: 600,000
      Density: 59/km²
      Capital: Potenza

      National Parks:
      The Pollino National Park

Location of Basilicata
Provinces of Basilicata
  • Comunes of Basilicata
    • Matera (MT)
      • Accettura
        Aliano
        Bernalda
        Calciano
        Cirigliano
        Colobraro
        Craco
        Ferrandina
        Garaguso
        Gorgoglione
        Grassano
        Grottole
        Irsina
        Matera
        Miglionico
        Montalbano Jonico
        Montescaglioso
        Nova Siri
        Oliveto Lucano
        Pisticci
        Policoro
        Pomarico
        Rotondella
        Salandra
        San Giorgio Lucano
        San Mauro Forte
        Scanzano Jonico
        Stigliano
        Tricarico
        Tursi
        Valsinni

    • Potenza (PZ)
      • Abriola
        Acerenza
        Albano di Lucania
        Anzi
        Armento
        Atella
        Avigliano
        Balvano
        Banzi
        Baragiano
        Barile
        Bella
        Brienza
        Brindisi Montagna
        Calvello
        Calvera
        Campomaggiore
        Cancellara
        Carbone
        Castelgrande
        Castelluccio Inferiore
        Castelluccio Superiore
        Castelmezzano
        Castelsaraceno
        Castronuovo di Sant’Andrea
        Cersosimo
        Chiaromonte
        Corleto Perticara
        Episcopia
        Fardella
        Filiano
        Forenza
        Francavilla in Sinni
        Gallicchio
        Genzano di Lucania
        Ginestra
        Grumento Nova
        Guardia Perticara
        Lagonegro
        Latronico
        Laurenzana
        Lauria
        Lavello
        Maratea
        Marsico Nuovo
        Marsicovetere
        Maschito
        Melfi
        Missanello
        Moliterno
        Montemilone
        Montemurro
        Muro Lucano
        Nemoli
        Noepoli
        Oppido Lucano
        Palazzo San Gervasio
        Paterno
        Pescopagano
        Picerno
        Pietragalla
        Pietrapertosa
        Pignola
        Potenza
        Rapolla
        Rapone
        Rionero in Vulture
        Ripacandida
        Rivello
        Roccanova
        Rotonda
        Ruoti
        Ruvo del Monte
        San Chirico Nuovo
        San Chirico Raparo
        San Costantino Albanese
        San Fele
        San Martino d’Agri
        San Paolo Albanese
        San Severino Lucano
        Sant’Angelo Le Fratte
        Sant’Arcangelo
        Sarconi
        Sasso di Castalda
        Satriano di Lucania
        Savoia di Lucania
        Senise
        Spinoso
        Teana
        Terranova di Pollino
        Tito
        Tolve
        Tramutola
        Trecchina
        Trivigno
        Vaglio Basilicata
        Venosa
        Vietri di Potenza
        Viggianello
        Viggiano
Airports in Basilicata
Hotels in Basilicata
BASILICATAWEATHER
Basilicata Climate (Potenza)
  High Low Sun Rain
Jan 6 1 - 63
Feb 7 1 - 54
Mar 9 2 - 53
Apr 13 5 - 60
May 18 9 - 46
Jun 22 13 - 42
Jul 25 15 - 29
Aug 25 15 - 36
Sep 21 13 - 45
Oct 16 9 - 70
Nov 11 5 - 80
Dec 8 2 - 74
Table Key:
High - Average monthly high temperatures
Low - Average monthly low temperatures
Sun - Average hours of sunshine per day
Rain - Average monthly rainfall in mm
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