The 'Giro d'Italia' has a long history. The first race was held in 1909. It started and finished in Milan and took place over eight stages, covering 2,448 kilometres. Of the 127 riders who started the race only 49 finished and the winner, Luigi Ganna, received his prize money from donations made by one of the casinos in San Remo.
Since then the race has been held every year, apart from the war years. The first 47 races all took place entirely within Italy. In 1965, the race started in San Marino and since then, there have been a further 10 races that have started outside Italy. The most recent was 2014, when the race started in Belfast. From time to time, the start or finish points of stages can take part in other countries, and on a few occasions, a whole stage has been raced outside Italy.
Each stage is timed, and the overall winner is the rider with the lowest aggregate score at the end of the race. As the race progresses through the stages, the race leader has the privelege of wearing the Giro's distinctive Pink Jersey. As well as an overall winner, there are other contests within the Giro, including: sprinters, climbers, young riders and teams.