The Province of Roma covers almost one third of the total area of the region of Lazio. It borders the province of Viterbo to the north, the province of Rieti to the north east, the region of Abruzzo to the east, the province of Frosinone to the south east, the province of Latina to the south and the Tyrhennian Sea to the west.
The terrain changes dramatically from the flat areas of the Tiber Valley, right across to the mountains ranges of Sabini and Tiburtini. The western boundary runs along the Tyrrhenian Sea and has about 130 kilometres of coastline. There are several lakes, mostly of volcanic origin, and some beautiful rolling hillsides.
The whole province is as rich in history, art and culture as its capital city of Rome.
Rome is the capital of Italy and the largest and most populous city in the country. It covers an area of 1,285 square kilometres
Nestled 615 metres above sea level, in the Parco Regionale dei Castelli, Albano Laziale it is an important town in the province and an active commercial centre.
There are some notable religious buildings in the town:
The town also contains a great deal of palaces and villas, of both historical and architectural interest:
Other buildings and ruins of architectural interest are:
There are three fountains in the town centre which are worth taking a look at, Fontana delle Tartarughe, Fontana del Mascheronee and Fontanella del Re.
A fishing port, ferry port for boats to the Pontine islands and a seaside town, Anzio also has historical significance as being the site of an important allied landing during World War II know as 'Operation Shingle'.
Along its coastline are the remains of several Roman Villas, one of which, the Domus Neroniana, was the home of Nero.
With spectacular vies of the sea and cooling breezes, this town has long been popular with artists and writers who want a break from the heat and noise of Rome.
As well as being a beautiful and relaxing place to be there are a couple interesting pieces of architecture to see:
The Church of Santa Maria Assunta with a circular dome by Bernini.
Palazzo Savelli Chigi which has perfectly restored rooms and was built in 1740.
A medieval town with its centre perfectly preserved making it a very pretty and interesting place to visit.
The town is totally dominated by the large and very well preserved Castello Orsini-Odesaclchi. The castle is considered to be one of the most important examples of Renaissance military architecture in the whole of Italy.
Another popular tourist attraction here is the very large Lago di Bracciano which is a volcancic lake and the eight largest lake in Italy.
The main site at Cerveteri is the UNESCO World Heritage site 'The Necropoli della Banditaccia'. This site, together with the Necropolis in Tarquinia covers more than 400 hectares, 10 hectares of which is open to the public. There are more than one thousand tombs dating back as far as the 3rd century BC and most are housed in the characteristics mounds.
Other than this spectacular site there is a castle, Palazzo Ruspoli and a small church from the 15th century.
Frascati is well known around the world for its white wine of the same name. It is, however, also an influencial historical and cultural centre. Only 20 kilometres south east of Rome it is a scientific hub and the location of several international laboratories.
Frascati is also notorious for its large number of well preserved villas:
Other sites in Frascati include:
Resting in the Sabine hills this large towns offers far reaching views over the Roman countryside.
Perhaps the one thing this town is most famous for is the Tivoli Gardens together with Villa d'Este, to which it belongs, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The villa is an excellent example of the Renaissance architecure and the gardens depict an Italian Renassance garden.
Another villa here which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site is Villa Adriana which is an archeological site of a large Roman complex which was created in the 2nd century AD. There are many beautiful sculptures and other artwork here as well as the ruins and remains of some stunning architecture, including the fascinating Maritime Theatre.
A beautiful 16th century clock tower can be found in the Piazza del Popolo. There is also a former monestary known as Palazzo Abbaziale dei Monaci Benedettini.
This village became well known during the 19th century as a large community of artists lived there and the younger locals used to pose as models for them.
During World War II, ninety per cent of the buildings in this small town were destroyed.
The few remaining features of historical interest left are:
The main site here is the Abbey of Santa Maria di Grottaferra. This abbey has a famous portico with an arcade consisting of nine bays, all supported by slim, elegant columns. The abbey has an attached library which contains around 50,000 volumes, some of them being rare copies.
Meaning 'old city', Civitavecchia is an important port for both commercial and public transport. It is possible to catch ferries here to several other Mediterranean ports and it provides the main link from mainland Italy to the island of Sardinia. It is also a major stop off and pick up point for cruise ships.
There is a massive fort here 'Forte Michelangelo' which was built to defend the port during the time of Pope Julius II. The upper portion was designed by Michelangelo, hence its name.
Nettuno is a charming coastal resort which is named after the Roman god Neptune. As well as having a nice beach, a secure marina with almost one thousand berths, a good shopping centre and picturesque coloured houses it also produces the D.O.C. wine Cacchione.
Just 24 kilometres southeast of Rome, Castel Gandolfo is widely considered to be one of the most scenic towns in Italy. The town and many summer holiday residences are built around the shores of the beautiful Lake Albano.
A major tourist resort and religious pilgramage due to its sacred grotto which can be found in the medieval St. Benedict's Abbey which is considered to be one of the most beautiful monasteries in the world.
Another piece of history well worth visiting while you are here is the medieval St. Francis' bridge which is still in use and has a span fo 37 metres.
Set in the centre of the Parco Regionale dei Castelli Romani, Rocca di Papa is a hilltown which was once the home of Pope Eugene III.
The main sites are:
Famous for the production of its white wine and annual Grape Festival which is held on the first Sunday of October. The festival is very popular due to the fact that for one hour only, several of the towns fountains spout wine rather than water.
On every other day of the year there are some other interesting sites to see:
The Pontine Islands are located in the Tyrrhenian Sea just off the coast of Campania, although they are a part of Lazio. The Pontine archipelago consists of six different islands:
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