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Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones

Puglia Details
Holiday Information
Puglia, at your own pace.
Explore Puglia on foot or by bike, savouring life’s simple pleasures.

www.inntravel.co.uk
Holiday Lets
Holiday Lets in Puglia
We select properties on the basis that the basic necessities, modern comforts and added personal touches are part and parcel of your holiday home.

Once you have settled in you can relax knowing that we are at hand to organise wine or olive oil tours, guided walking and cycling itineraries and even an in-house local pugliese chef to ease and tease you into holiday mode.

www.relaxpuglia.com
Property For Sale
Property For Sale in Puglia
Real Estate Cisternino has a portfolio of properties to suit any budget with houses in different conditions and locations in the country, town, village or on the coast.. We also have building land for sale to enable you to design your dream home.

www.realestatecisternino.com
Puglia Information
Location of Puglia
Area: 19,366 km²
Population: 4 million
Density: 210/km²
Capital: Bari
Provinces
Comunes
  • Bari
    • Acquaviva delle Fonti
      Adelfia
      Alberobello
      Altamura
      Bari
      Binetto
      Bitetto
      Bitonto
      Bitritto
      Capurso
      Casamassima
      Cassano delle Murge
      Castellana Grotte
      Cellamare
      Conversano
      Corato
      Gioia del Colle
      Giovinazzo
      Gravina in Puglia
      Grumo Appula
      Locorotondo
      Modugno
      Mola di Bari
      Molfetta
      Monopoli
      Noci
      Noicàttaro
      Palo del Colle
      Poggiorsini
      Polignano a Mare
      Putignano
      Rutigliano
      Ruvo di Puglia
      Sammichele di Bari
      Sannicandro di Bari
      Santeramo in Colle
      Terlizzi
      Toritto
      Triggiano
      Turi
      Valenzano

  • Barletta-Andria-Trani
    • Andria
      Barletta
      Bisceglie
      Canosa di Puglia
      Margherita di Savoia
      Minervino Murge
      San Ferdinando di Puglia
      Spinazzola
      Trani
      Trinitapoli

  • Brindisi
    • Brindisi
      Carovigno
      Ceglie Messapica
      Cellino San Marco
      Cisternino
      Erchie
      Fasano
      Francavilla Fontana
      Latiano
      Mesagne
      Oria
      Ostuni
      San Donaci
      San Michele Salentino
      San Pancrazio Salentino
      San Pietro Vernotico
      San Vito dei Normanni
      Torchiarolo
      Torre Santa Susanna
      Villa Castelli

  • Foggia
    • Accadia
      Alberona
      Anzano di Puglia
      Apricena
      Ascoli Satriano
      Biccari
      Bovino
      Cagnano Varano
      Candela
      Carapelle
      Carlantino
      Carpino
      Casalnuovo Monterotaro
      Casalvecchio di Puglia
      Castelluccio dei Sauri
      Castelluccio Valmaggiore
      Castelnuovo della Daunia
      Celenza Valfortore
      Celle di San Vito
      Cerignola
      Chieuti
      Deliceto
      Faeto
      Foggia
      Ischitella
      Isole Tremiti
      Lesina
      Lucera
      Manfredonia
      Mattinata
      Monte Sant'Angelo
      Monteleone di Puglia
      Motta Montecorvino
      Ordona
      Orsara di Puglia
      Orta Nova
      Panni
      Peschici
      Pietramontecorvino
      Poggio Imperiale
      Rignano Garganico
      Rocchetta Sant'Antonio
      Rodi Garganico
      Roseto Valfortore
      San Giovanni Rotondo
      San Marco in Lamis
      San Marco la Catola
      San Nicandro Garganico
      San Paolo di Civitate
      San Severo
      Sant'Agata di Puglia
      Serracapriola
      Stornara
      Stornarella
      Torremaggiore
      Troia
      Vico del Gargano
      Vieste
      Volturara Appula
      Volturino

  • Lecce
    • Acquarica del Capo
      Alessano
      Alezio
      Alliste
      Andrano
      Aradeo
      Arnesano
      Bagnolo del Salento
      Botrugno
      Calimera
      Campi Salentina
      Cannole
      Caprarica di Lecce
      Carmiano
      Carpignano Salentino
      Casarano
      Castri di Lecce
      Castrignano de' Greci
      Castrignano del Capo
      Castro
      Cavallino
      Collepasso
      Copertino
      Corigliano d'Otranto
      Corsano
      Cursi
      Cutrofiano
      Diso
      Gagliano del Capo
      Galatina
      Galatone
      Gallipoli
      Giuggianello
      Giurdignano
      Guagnano
      Lecce
      Lequile
      Leverano
      Lizzanello
      Maglie
      Martano
      Martignano
      Matino
      Melendugno
      Melissano
      Melpignano
      Miggiano
      Minervino di Lecce
      Monteroni di Lecce
      Montesano Salentino
      Morciano di Leuca
      Muro Leccese
      Nardò
      Neviano
      Nociglia
      Novoli
      Ortelle
      Otranto
      Palmariggi
      Parabita
      Patù
      Poggiardo
      Porto Cesareo
      Presicce
      Racale
      Ruffano
      Salice Salentino
      Salve
      San Cassiano
      San Cesario di Lecce
      San Donato di Lecce
      San Pietro in Lama
      Sanarica
      Sannicola
      Santa Cesarea Terme
      Scorrano
      Seclì
      Sogliano Cavour
      Soleto
      Specchia
      Spongano
      Squinzano
      Sternatia
      Supersano
      Surano
      Surbo
      Taurisano
      Taviano
      Tiggiano
      Trepuzzi
      Tricase
      Tuglie
      Ugento
      Uggiano La Chiesa
      Veglie
      Vernole
      Zollino

  • Taranto
    • Avetrana
      Carosino
      Castellaneta
      Crispiano
      Faggiano
      Fragagnano
      Ginosa
      Grottaglie
      Laterza
      Leporano
      Lizzano
      Manduria
      Martina Franca
      Maruggio
      Massafra
      Monteiasi
      Montemesola
      Monteparano
      Mottola
      Palagianello
      Palagiano
      Pulsano
      Roccaforzata
      San Giorgio Ionico
      San Marzano di San Giuseppe
      Sava
      Statte
      Taranto
      Torricella

Puglia Flag
Puglia Airports
Puglia National Parks
The Alta Murgia National Park
The Gargano National Park
Puglia Details
Holiday Information
Puglia, at your own pace.
Explore Puglia on foot or by bike, savouring life’s simple pleasures.

www.inntravel.co.uk
Holiday Lets
Holiday Lets in Puglia
We select properties on the basis that the basic necessities, modern comforts and added personal touches are part and parcel of your holiday home.

Once you have settled in you can relax knowing that we are at hand to organise wine or olive oil tours, guided walking and cycling itineraries and even an in-house local pugliese chef to ease and tease you into holiday mode.

www.relaxpuglia.com
Property For Sale
Property For Sale in Puglia
Real Estate Cisternino has a portfolio of properties to suit any budget with houses in different conditions and locations in the country, town, village or on the coast.. We also have building land for sale to enable you to design your dream home.

www.realestatecisternino.com
Trulli, Puglia
Trulli in Alberobello - Photo: www.understandingitaly.com
The Trullo is a distictive, small, dry-stone building with a conical roof which is specific to the Itria Valley in the Italian region of Puglia. Trulli are found extensively in Alberobello and in the areas around Locorotondo, Fasano, Ostuni, Cisternino, Martina Franca and Ceglie Messapica. The word originated from a Greek word meaning cupola and was originally used as 'Truddu' throughtout other areas within the Salentine peninsula of Puglia. At the same time, the inhabitants of the Murgia region referred to this kind of building as a 'Casedda'. Over time, the term 'Trullo' was adopted throughout the Murgia and the term is now exclusively associated with that area.

Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones
Photo: www.understandingitaly.com

History of the Trulli:
The first records of Trulli being built in Puglia date from around the 14th century. The likely reason for their design was to create housing that could be easily demolished, enabling the feudal lord to avoid paying taxes on new settlements as well as making it easy to remove unwanted tenants!

Trulli today:
Trulli are still being built today by specialist craftsmen, although for very different reasons! As well as the new builds, many existing Trulli have been bought up by foreigners in recent years and have been renovated beautifully to create extremely individual and comfortable homes. The unusual shape and whitewashed walls give them an exotic and exciting appeal and provides an ideal basis from which to create a unique living space to be used as residential or holiday homes.

Construction of the Trulli:
The Murgia is a karst plateau. This means that Winter rainfall drains through the soil and flows through underground watercourses out into the Adriatic leaving no permanent surface water. The inhabitants therefore had to devise ingenious ways of ensuring they had water for living. The construction of a Trullo began by digging an underground cistern. This ensured that each house had its own water supply. The roof of the cistern formed the floor of the house and the rocks recovered from the excavation were used to construct the walls.

Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones

The walls were made from a double row of stone blocks with the cavity filled with small stones.

Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones
Photo: www.understandingitaly.com

The distinctive conical roofs were constructed in two layers. Firstly, an inner layer of wedge-shaped limestone pieces (Voussoirs) was laid, capped by a closing stone, and then an outer layer of limestone tiles (Chiancole) was placed over the top. These were tilted outwards creating a watertight covering.

Trulli were designed for the countryside. They were constructed as single buildings or sometimes in groups of up to a dozen buildings, but only ever for occupation by one family. Their thick walls and single-storey design made them unsuitable for urban development although the use of small stones in their construction did make them very adaptable.

Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones
Model showing the inside of a typical Trullo in Alberobello - Photo: Marcok

Inside, the walls were often rendered with lime plaster and whitewashed as protection against drafts but even so, the thick stone walls and dome of the trullo, which were pleasantly cool in the summer, tended to become unpleasantly cold during the winter months, condensing the moisture given off by cooking and breathing and making it difficult to feel warm even in front of the fire.

The trulli that were used as dwellings all had an open fireplace with a flue built into the masonry and a stone-built chimney stack which roseg high above the roof. Because of their design, they are extremely difficult to heat.

Many Trulli only had a doorway built into the outside walls making them extremely dark inside.

Sometimes an individual Trullo was completely circular and would have been used as a temporary agricultural shelter. More normally they would have been grouped in a square, with three, four or five Trullis, a single room under each conical roof used as a bedroom, kitchen and animal shelter. There was often additional living space in arched alcoves where children might sleep behind curtains. Some trullis had their outside walls raised so that their cones were hidden from view, making them look like ordinary houses.

Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones
Photo: www.understandingitaly.com

Trulli Pinnacles:
Many Trulli have a hand-made sandstone pinnacle (Pinnacolo) on the top of the cone. They are apparantly the trademark of the stonemason (Trullisto) who built the Trullo. There are many different designs such as these illustrated below.

Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones
Photo: www.understandingitaly.com
Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones
Photo: www.understandingitaly.com

Trulli Symbols:
In addition, many Trulli have symbols painted onto their cones. These symbols have religious or mystical significance and were meant to protect the inhabitants. Some of these symbols are illustrated below:

Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones
Photo: www.understandingitaly.com

These symbols that decorate the roofs of a row of Trulli in the Rione Monti in Alberobello were painted recently as the roofs were renovated.

Trulli, trullo, construction of trulli, building a trullo, trullo symbols, trulli in puglia, history of trulli, trullo conical roof, trullo cones
Photo: www.understandingitaly.com
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Puglia Information
Location of Puglia
Area: 19,366 km²
Population: 4 million
Density: 210/km²
Capital: Bari
Provinces
Comunes
  • Bari
    • Acquaviva delle Fonti
      Adelfia
      Alberobello
      Altamura
      Bari
      Binetto
      Bitetto
      Bitonto
      Bitritto
      Capurso
      Casamassima
      Cassano delle Murge
      Castellana Grotte
      Cellamare
      Conversano
      Corato
      Gioia del Colle
      Giovinazzo
      Gravina in Puglia
      Grumo Appula
      Locorotondo
      Modugno
      Mola di Bari
      Molfetta
      Monopoli
      Noci
      Noicàttaro
      Palo del Colle
      Poggiorsini
      Polignano a Mare
      Putignano
      Rutigliano
      Ruvo di Puglia
      Sammichele di Bari
      Sannicandro di Bari
      Santeramo in Colle
      Terlizzi
      Toritto
      Triggiano
      Turi
      Valenzano

  • Barletta-Andria-Trani
    • Andria
      Barletta
      Bisceglie
      Canosa di Puglia
      Margherita di Savoia
      Minervino Murge
      San Ferdinando di Puglia
      Spinazzola
      Trani
      Trinitapoli

  • Brindisi
    • Brindisi
      Carovigno
      Ceglie Messapica
      Cellino San Marco
      Cisternino
      Erchie
      Fasano
      Francavilla Fontana
      Latiano
      Mesagne
      Oria
      Ostuni
      San Donaci
      San Michele Salentino
      San Pancrazio Salentino
      San Pietro Vernotico
      San Vito dei Normanni
      Torchiarolo
      Torre Santa Susanna
      Villa Castelli

  • Foggia
    • Accadia
      Alberona
      Anzano di Puglia
      Apricena
      Ascoli Satriano
      Biccari
      Bovino
      Cagnano Varano
      Candela
      Carapelle
      Carlantino
      Carpino
      Casalnuovo Monterotaro
      Casalvecchio di Puglia
      Castelluccio dei Sauri
      Castelluccio Valmaggiore
      Castelnuovo della Daunia
      Celenza Valfortore
      Celle di San Vito
      Cerignola
      Chieuti
      Deliceto
      Faeto
      Foggia
      Ischitella
      Isole Tremiti
      Lesina
      Lucera
      Manfredonia
      Mattinata
      Monte Sant'Angelo
      Monteleone di Puglia
      Motta Montecorvino
      Ordona
      Orsara di Puglia
      Orta Nova
      Panni
      Peschici
      Pietramontecorvino
      Poggio Imperiale
      Rignano Garganico
      Rocchetta Sant'Antonio
      Rodi Garganico
      Roseto Valfortore
      San Giovanni Rotondo
      San Marco in Lamis
      San Marco la Catola
      San Nicandro Garganico
      San Paolo di Civitate
      San Severo
      Sant'Agata di Puglia
      Serracapriola
      Stornara
      Stornarella
      Torremaggiore
      Troia
      Vico del Gargano
      Vieste
      Volturara Appula
      Volturino

  • Lecce
    • Acquarica del Capo
      Alessano
      Alezio
      Alliste
      Andrano
      Aradeo
      Arnesano
      Bagnolo del Salento
      Botrugno
      Calimera
      Campi Salentina
      Cannole
      Caprarica di Lecce
      Carmiano
      Carpignano Salentino
      Casarano
      Castri di Lecce
      Castrignano de' Greci
      Castrignano del Capo
      Castro
      Cavallino
      Collepasso
      Copertino
      Corigliano d'Otranto
      Corsano
      Cursi
      Cutrofiano
      Diso
      Gagliano del Capo
      Galatina
      Galatone
      Gallipoli
      Giuggianello
      Giurdignano
      Guagnano
      Lecce
      Lequile
      Leverano
      Lizzanello
      Maglie
      Martano
      Martignano
      Matino
      Melendugno
      Melissano
      Melpignano
      Miggiano
      Minervino di Lecce
      Monteroni di Lecce
      Montesano Salentino
      Morciano di Leuca
      Muro Leccese
      Nardò
      Neviano
      Nociglia
      Novoli
      Ortelle
      Otranto
      Palmariggi
      Parabita
      Patù
      Poggiardo
      Porto Cesareo
      Presicce
      Racale
      Ruffano
      Salice Salentino
      Salve
      San Cassiano
      San Cesario di Lecce
      San Donato di Lecce
      San Pietro in Lama
      Sanarica
      Sannicola
      Santa Cesarea Terme
      Scorrano
      Seclì
      Sogliano Cavour
      Soleto
      Specchia
      Spongano
      Squinzano
      Sternatia
      Supersano
      Surano
      Surbo
      Taurisano
      Taviano
      Tiggiano
      Trepuzzi
      Tricase
      Tuglie
      Ugento
      Uggiano La Chiesa
      Veglie
      Vernole
      Zollino

  • Taranto
    • Avetrana
      Carosino
      Castellaneta
      Crispiano
      Faggiano
      Fragagnano
      Ginosa
      Grottaglie
      Laterza
      Leporano
      Lizzano
      Manduria
      Martina Franca
      Maruggio
      Massafra
      Monteiasi
      Montemesola
      Monteparano
      Mottola
      Palagianello
      Palagiano
      Pulsano
      Roccaforzata
      San Giorgio Ionico
      San Marzano di San Giuseppe
      Sava
      Statte
      Taranto
      Torricella

Puglia Flag
Puglia Airports
Puglia National Parks
The Alta Murgia National Park
The Gargano National Park
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