Friuli-Venezia Giulia, region of friuli venezia giulia, friuli venezia giulia region, autonomous region  friuli venezia giulia

Region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Friuli-Venezia Giulia is the most north-easterly region of Italy and the country’s fifth largest. It covers an area of 7,856 square kilometres and is the fifth smallest region of the country with about 1.2 million inhabitants. It is divided into four provinces: Gorozia, Pordenone, Trieste and Udine. The regional capital is Trieste. It’s bordered by Austria in the north and Slovenia to the east. The south coast of the region faces the Adriatic Sea and to the west the Veneto region.

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For centuries Romans, Slavs, Venetians and Austrians have fought over the region. The influences remain in the architecture and food. Trieste was finally incorporated into Italy in 1954 and the borders were closed.

The region is one of five autonomous Italian regions with a special statute granted in 1963. The other four include Aosta Valley, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige. Although a part of federal Italy these regions are run like franchises. Whilst overall governance lies with Italy they are responsible for their own administration, legislation and finances, independent of state control.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia, region of friuli venezia giulia, friuli venezia giulia region, autonomous region  friuli venezia giulia
Alpine Scenery

Like most of the rest of Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia was previously divided into four provinces: Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste and Udine. In 2018, the final one of these was abolished, with local policies instead becoming the responsibility of 18 Intermunicipal Territorial Unions. This helps with more focused planning and budgeting.

The region’s official languages are Italian, Friulian, Slovene and German.

During Roman times, the region existed within the subdivision Regio X Venetia et Histria. During this period, one of the most luxurious cities of Roman rule was Aquileia. The remains of this huge former colony and port have survived to this day as a vast archaeological area, currently listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. As well as the region’s main political, cultural and religious hub until the 15th century, it was also one of the main centres of early Christianity.

In the 6th century, Slovenians began to relocate to Italy’s Eastern Alps, near the Slovenian border. This would form the modern-day Slovenes ethnic group. Friuli and Venezia Giulia then began to separate.

In the 15th century, Fruili joined the Venetian territory, with Venezia Giulia remaining within the Holy Roman Empire. Fruili would then transfer to Austrian rule following Napolean’s historic Treaty of Campo Formio. In 1866 Fruili became part of the Kingdom of Italy.

During the First World War, the region was bombed heavily and suffered extensive damage.

Following the Second World War, the Treaty of Peace with Italy. Trieste and the surrounding area were then formed into a new independent state called the Free Territory of Trieste. In 1954 the administration was handed over to the Italian Government. Therein began the Autonomous Region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

The region's name was officially Friuli-Venezia Giulia (hyphenated) until 2001 when the hyphen was dropped following the modification to the Italian Constitution.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia’s landscape wildly varies throughout the region. The north is very mountainous, featuring the Alps and the epic Jôf di Montasio. This is the region’s highest mountain, standing at 2,754 m above sea level. In winter, the mountains see some of Italy’s coldest temperatures. The area also features well-known mountain lakes.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia, region of friuli venezia giulia, friuli venezia giulia region, autonomous region  friuli venezia giulia
Jôf di Montasio - Photo: Kalerna

The western part is the most tourist-heavy with many beaches and tourist resorts. The southeast part of the region is very hilly. The land here, which connects to Slovenia, provides conditions for excellent wine so crucial to the region’s export production.

Fruili is responsible for some of the finest white wines in the world. The area has four main wine regions: Isonzo, Carso, Collio and Colli Orientali del Friuli. The largest winemaking area is the Friuli Grave, which has 16,000 acres of vineyards and almost runs the length of the entire region. Friuli Grave exports Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, and Friulano, and is particularly known for its Pinot Grigio.

The main river is Tagliamento (178 km), the last structurally intact river in the Alps. Many rivers lie in the region, which has been a network of rivers, man-made canals, and lagoons for thousands of years.

The region’s economy relies heavily on farming and agriculture. Another crucial part of the economy is its export production. Like many regions in Italy, it exports fruit, cheese, wine and cured ham all over the country and the world. Aside from food and drink, some of the region’s biggest exports are knives, timber and furniture. It is also Italy’s third biggest exporter of soy.

Its transport links also offer a vital service to Italy. The port of Trieste is where Italy exports its coffee globally, whilst the well-connected ports of Monfalcone and Porto Nogaro help to maintain relations with neighbouring countries, Slovenia and Austria.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia, region of friuli venezia giulia, friuli venezia giulia region, autonomous region  friuli venezia giulia
Port of Trieste

Friuli-Venezia Giulia is home to many incredible foods. Famous meats are Prosciutto San Daniele, a cured ham, and muset a boiled spiced sausage made from pork offal with black pepper, cinnamon, coriander, cloves and nutmeg.

The region has an abundance of fresh seafood. Local restaurants serve fresh octopus, mussels, trout, carp and other freshwater fish. Other exports are horseradish and polenta.

Locals in Trieste eat Jota (a sauerkraut and bean stew) to help cope with the local strong winds, and Ajvar a red pepper and aubergine chutney, of Slavic origin.

Some of the main tourist attractions in the region are 19th-century castle Miramare; Lacs de Fusine, two stunning lakes on the border with Slovenia; the Grotta Gigante near Trieste, which holds a Guinness World Record for the world’s largest show cave.

Friuli-Venezia Giulia, region of friuli venezia giulia, friuli venezia giulia region, autonomous region  friuli venezia giulia
Castle Miramare

Also unmissable are the ‘alpine beauty’ of the Friulian Dolomites Natural Park’s Forni di Sopra; Udine’s Cividale del Friuli, the picturesque first capital of the Kindom of the Longobards; and Lignano Sabbiadoro, a beautiful oasis of relaxation, with incredible sands and restaurants.

Perhaps the most popular tourist attraction is Trieste’s magnificent Piazza Unità d’Italia, a huge seafront square surrounded by stunning palazzi. Locals found the expense of the square far too grand, leading them to dub the Palazzo del Municipio a ‘bird cage’.

The region’s airport Ronchi dei Legionari is located 30 km from Trieste and 40 km from Udine. Planes fly worldwide to London, Belgrade, Valencia, Frankfurt and many other places in Italy.

Despite the name, Venezia (Venice) is not a part of the region.

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Flag of Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Location of Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Provinces of Friuli-Venezia Giulia
  • Comunes
    • Avelino

      • Aiello del Sabato
        Altavilla Irpina
        Andretta
        Aquilonia
        Ariano Irpino
        Atripalda
        Avella
        Avellino
        Bagnoli Irpino
        Baiano
        Bisaccia
        Bonito
        Cairano
        Calabritto
        Calitri
        Candida
        Caposele
        Capriglia Irpina
        Carife
        Casalbore
        Cassano Irpino
        Castel Baronia
        Castelfranci
        Castelvetere sul Calore
        Cervinara
        Cesinali
        Chianche
        Chiusano di San Domenico
        Contrada
        Conza della Campania
        Domicella
        Flumeri
        Fontanarosa
        Forino
        Frigento
        Gesualdo
        Greci
        Grottaminarda
        Grottolella
        Guardia Lombardi
        Lacedonia
        Lapio
        Lauro
        Lioni
        Luogosano
        Manocalzati
        Marzano di Nola
        Melito Irpino
        Mercogliano
        Mirabella Eclano
        Montaguto
        Montecalvo Irpino
        Montefalcione
        Monteforte Irpino
        Montefredane
        Montefusco
        Montella
        Montemarano
        Montemiletto
        Monteverde
        Montoro Inferiore
        Montoro Superiore
        Morra De Sanctis
        Moschiano
        Mugnano del Cardinale
        Nusco
        Ospedaletto d’Alpinolo
        Pago del Vallo di Lauro
        Parolise
        Paternopoli
        Petruro Irpino
        Pietradefusi
        Pietrastornina
        Prata di Principato Ultra
        Pratola Serra
        Quadrelle
        Quindici
        Rocca San Felice
        Roccabascerana
        Rotondi
        Salza Irpina
        San Mango sul Calore
        San Martino Valle Caudina
        San Michele di Serino
        San Nicola Baronia
        San Potito Ultra
        San Sossio Baronia
        Santa Lucia di Serino
        Santa Paolina
        Sant’Andrea di Conza
        Sant’Angelo a Scala
        Sant’Angelo all’Esca
        Sant’Angelo dei Lombardi
        Santo Stefano del Sole
        Savignano Irpino
        Scampitella
        Senerchia
        Serino
        Sirignano
        Solofra
        Sorbo Serpico
        Sperone
        Sturno
        Summonte
        Taurano
        Taurasi
        Teora
        Torella dei Lombardi
        Torre Le Nocelle
        Torrioni
        Trevico
        Tufo
        Vallata
        Vallesaccarda
        Venticano
        Villamaina
        Villanova del Battista
        Volturara Irpina
        Zungoli
    • Benevento

      • Airola
        Amorosi
        Apice
        Apollosa
        Arpaia
        Arpaise
        Baselice
        Benevento
        Bonea
        Bucciano
        Buonalbergo
        Calvi
        Campolattaro
        Campoli del Monte Taburno
        Casalduni
        Castelfranco in Miscano
        Castelpagano
        Castelpoto
        Castelvenere
        Castelvetere in Val Fortore
        Cautano
        Ceppaloni
        Cerreto Sannita
        Circello
        Colle Sannita
        Cusano Mutri
        Dugenta
        Durazzano
        Faicchio
        Foglianise
        Foiano di Val Fortore
        Forchia
        Fragneto L’Abate
        Fragneto Monforte
        Frasso Telesino
        Ginestra degli Schiavoni
        Guardia Sanframondi
        Limatola
        Melizzano
        Moiano
        Molinara
        Montefalcone di Val Fortore
        Montesarchio
        Morcone
        Paduli
        Pago Veiano
        Pannarano
        Paolisi
        Paupisi
        Pesco Sannita
        Pietraroja
        Pietrelcina
        Ponte
        Pontelandolfo
        Puglianello
        Reino
        San Bartolomeo in Galdo
        San Giorgio del Sannio
        San Giorgio La Molara
        San Leucio del Sannio
        San Lorenzello
        San Lorenzo Maggiore
        San Lupo
        San Marco dei Cavoti
        San Martino Sannita
        San Nazzaro
        San Nicola Manfredi
        San Salvatore Telesino
        Santa Croce del Sannio
        Sant’Agata De’ Goti
        Sant’Angelo a Cupolo
        Sant’Arcangelo Trimonte
        Sassinoro
        Solopaca
        Telese Terme
        Tocco Caudio
        Torrecuso
        Vitulano
    • Caserta

      • Ailano
        Alife
        Alvignano
        Arienzo
        Aversa
        Baia e Latina
        Bellona
        Caianello
        Caiazzo
        Calvi Risorta
        Camigliano
        Cancello ed Arnone
        Capodrise
        Capriati a Volturno
        Capua
        Carinaro
        Carinola
        Casagiove
        Casal di Principe
        Casaluce
        Casapesenna
        Casapulla
        Caserta
        Castel Campagnano
        Castel di Sasso
        Castel Morrone
        Castel Volturno
        Castello del Matese
        Cellole
        Cervino
        Cesa
        Ciorlano
        Conca della Campania
        Curti
        Dragoni
        Falciano del Massico
        Fontegreca
        Formicola
        Francolise
        Frignano
        Gallo Matese
        Galluccio
        Giano Vetusto
        Gioia Sannitica
        Grazzanise
        Gricignano di Aversa
        Letino
        Liberi
        Lusciano
        Macerata Campania
        Maddaloni
        Marcianise
        Marzano Appio
        Mignano Monte Lungo
        Mondragone
        Orta di Atella
        Parete
        Pastorano
        Piana di Monte Verna
        Piedimonte Matese
        Pietramelara
        Pietravairano
        Pignataro Maggiore
        Pontelatone
        Portico di Caserta
        Prata Sannita
        Pratella
        Presenzano
        Raviscanina
        Recale
        Riardo
        Rocca D’Evandro
        Roccamonfina
        Roccaromana
        Rocchetta e Croce
        Ruviano
        San Cipriano d’Aversa
        San Felice a Cancello
        San Gregorio Matese
        San Marcellino
        San Marco Evangelista
        San Nicola la Strada
        San Pietro Infine
        San Potito Sannitico
        San Prisco
        San Tammaro
        Santa Maria a Vico
        Santa Maria Capua Vetere
        Santa Maria La Fossa
        Sant’Angelo d’Alife
        Sant’Arpino
        Sessa Aurunca
        Sparanise
        Succivo
        Teano
        Teverola
        Tora e Piccilli
        Trentola-Ducenta
        Vairano Patenora
        Valle Agricola
        Valle di Maddaloni
        Villa di Briano
        Villa Literno
        Vitulazio
    • Napoli

      • Acerra
        Afragola
        Agerola
        Anacapri
        Arzano
        Bacoli
        Barano d’Ischia
        Boscoreale
        Boscotrecase
        Brusciano
        Caivano
        Calvizzano
        Camposano
        Capri
        Carbonara di Nola
        Cardito
        Casalnuovo di Napoli
        Casamarciano
        Casamicciola Terme
        Casandrino
        Casavatore
        Casola di Napoli
        Casoria
        Castellammare di Stabia
        Castello di Cisterna
        Cercola
        Cicciano
        Cimitile
        Comiziano
        Crispano
        Ercolano
        Forio
        Frattamaggiore
        Frattaminore
        Giugliano in Campania
        Gragnano
        Grumo Nevano
        Ischia
        Lacco Ameno
        Lettere
        Liveri
        Marano di Napoli
        Mariglianella
        Marigliano
        Massa di Somma
        Massa Lubrense
        Melito di Napoli
        Meta
        Monte di Procida
        Mugnano di Napoli
        Napoli
        Nola
        Ottaviano
        Palma Campania
        Piano di Sorrento
        Pimonte
        Poggiomarino
        Pollena Trocchia
        Pomigliano d’Arco
        Pompei
        Portici
        Pozzuoli
        Procida
        Qualiano
        Quarto
        Roccarainola
        San Gennaro Vesuviano
        San Giorgio a Cremano
        San Giuseppe Vesuviano
        San Paolo Bel Sito
        San Sebastiano al Vesuvio
        San Vitaliano
        Santa Maria la Carità
        Sant’Agnello
        Sant’Anastasia
        Sant’Antimo
        Sant’Antonio Abate
        Saviano
        Scisciano
        Serrara Fontana
        Somma Vesuviana
        Sorrento
        Striano
        Terzigno
        Torre Annunziata
        Torre del Greco
        Trecase
        Tufino
        Vico Equense
        Villaricca
        Visciano
        Volla
    • Salerno

      • Acerno
        Agropoli
        Albanella
        Alfano
        Altavilla Silentina
        Amalfi
        Angri
        Aquara
        Ascea
        Atena Lucana
        Atrani
        Auletta
        Baronissi
        Battipaglia
        Bellizzi
        Bellosguardo
        Bracigliano
        Buccino
        Buonabitacolo
        Caggiano
        Calvanico
        Camerota
        Campagna
        Campora
        Cannalonga
        Capaccio
        Casal Velino
        Casalbuono
        Casaletto Spartano
        Caselle in Pittari
        Castel San Giorgio
        Castel San Lorenzo
        Castelcivita
        Castellabate
        Castelnuovo Cilento
        Castelnuovo di Conza
        Castiglione del Genovesi
        Cava de’ Tirreni
        Celle di Bulgheria
        Centola
        Ceraso
        Cetara
        Cicerale
        Colliano
        Conca dei Marini
        Controne
        Contursi Terme
        Corbara
        Corleto Monforte
        Cuccaro Vetere
        Eboli
        Felitto
        Fisciano
        Furore
        Futani
        Giffoni Sei Casali
        Giffoni Valle Piana
        Gioi
        Giungano
        Ispani
        Laureana Cilento
        Laurino
        Laurito
        Laviano
        Lustra
        Magliano Vetere
        Maiori
        Mercato San Severino
        Minori
        Moio della Civitella
        Montano Antilia
        Monte San Giacomo
        Montecorice
        Montecorvino Pugliano
        Montecorvino Rovella
        Monteforte Cilento
        Montesano sulla Marcellana
        Morigerati
        Nocera Inferiore
        Nocera Superiore
        Novi Velia
        Ogliastro Cilento
        Olevano sul Tusciano
        Oliveto Citra
        Omignano
        Orria
        Ottati
        Padula
        Pagani
        Palomonte
        Pellezzano
        Perdifumo
        Perito
        Pertosa
        Petina
        Piaggine
        Pisciotta
        Polla
        Pollica
        Pontecagnano Faiano
        Positano
        Postiglione
        Praiano
        Prignano Cilento
        Ravello
        Ricigliano
        Roccadaspide
        Roccagloriosa
        Roccapiemonte
        Rofrano
        Romagnano al Monte
        Roscigno
        Rutino
        Sacco
        Sala Consilina
        Salento
        Salerno
        Salvitelle
        San Cipriano Picentino
        San Giovanni a Piro
        San Gregorio Magno
        San Mango Piemonte
        San Marzano sul Sarno
        San Mauro Cilento
        San Mauro La Bruca
        San Pietro al Tanagro
        San Rufo
        San Valentino Torio
        Santa Marina
        Sant’Angelo a Fasanella
        Sant’Arsenio
        Sant’Egidio del Monte Albino
        Santomenna
        Sanza
        Sapri
        Sarno
        Sassano
        Scafati
        Scala
        Serramezzana
        Serre
        Sessa Cilento
        Siano
        Sicignano degli Alburni
        Stella Cilento
        Stio
        Teggiano
        Torchiara
        Torraca
        Torre Orsaia
        Tortorella
        Tramonti
        Trentinara
        Valle dell’Angelo
        Vallo della Lucania
        Valva
        Vibonati
        Vietri sul Mare
Friuli-Venezia Giulia Airports
Hotels in Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Friuli-Venezia GiuliaWEATHER
Campania Climate (Naples)
  High Low Sun Rain
Jan 15 8 4 63
Feb 15 8 4 52
Mar 17 9 5 43
Apr 19 11 6 31
May 24 15 7 17
Jun 28 18 9 9
Jul 31 22 10 6
Aug 31 22 9 9
Sep 28 19 7 29
Oct 24 16 6 53
Nov 20 12 4 63
Dec 17 10 4 59
Table Key:
High - Average monthly high temperatures
Low - Average monthly low temperatures
Sun - Average hours of sunshine per day
Rain - Average monthly rainfall in mm
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